LittleTreeX LittleTreeX - 6 months ago 109
SQL Question

How to execute a stored procedure in php using sqlsrv and "?" style parameters

I've looked over several other questions that seem (from the titles) the same as this. However, my case is a bit different.

The following works (i.e. I get "success" and my database performs what I expect when running the procedure with the given variables):

$sql = "MyDB.dbo.myProcedure {$var1}, {$var2}, {$var3}";
$result = sqlsrv_query($myConn, $sql);
if (!$result) {
echo 'Your code is fail.';
else {
echo 'Success!';

I want to avoid (or lessen the possibility of) SQL injection by creating the SQL string using parameters. For example:

$sql = "select * from aTable where col1 = ? AND col2 = ?";
$result = sqlsrv_query($myConn, $sql, array($var1, $var2));
//please note. This code WILL work!

But when I do that with a stored procedure it fails. It fails with no errors reported via sqlsrv_errors(), no action taken in database, and
$result === false

To be clear, the following fails:

$sql = "MyDB.dbo.myProcedure ?, ?, ?";
$result = sqlsrv_query($myConn, $sql, array($var1, $var2, $var3));

Likewise a prepare/execute statement created the same way will also fail:

$sql = "MyDB.dbo.myProcedure ?, ?, ?";
$stmt = sqlsrv_prepare($myConn, $sql, array(&$var1, &$var2, &$var3));
foreach($someArray as $key => $var3) {
if(sqlsrv_execute($stmt) === false) {
echo 'mucho fail.';
//this code also fails.

For completeness, I have confirmed that the stored procedure in question works directly within SQL Management Studio AND if called the way I mentioned above. Likewise, I have confirmed that I can use parameterized queries for any raw query (like an insert, select, update vs a stored procedure).

So, my question is how can I call a stored procedure using the parameterized query vs embedding the variables in the query string?

More importantly, I am actually wanting to use a prepare/execute, so hopefully the answer will allow this to work as well.


The user contributions on the have a write up on how to execute a stored procedure using the sqlsrv-prepare.

In case that is removed from the user contributions in the future here is what it had(has) listed:

$procedure_params = array(
array(&$myparams['Item_ID'], SQLSRV_PARAM_OUT),
array(&$myparams['Item_Name'], SQLSRV_PARAM_OUT)
// EXEC the procedure, {call stp_Create_Item (@Item_ID = ?, @Item_Name = ?)} seems to fail with various errors in my experiments
$sql = "EXEC stp_Create_Item @Item_ID = ?, @Item_Name = ?";
$stmt = sqlsrv_prepare($conn, $sql, $procedure_params);

Here's the manual's page,