Anton Matyulkov Anton Matyulkov - 2 months ago 10
Javascript Question

How do I simulate hover with Javascript on keydown?

First of, I'd like to use only native JavaScript to complete this task.

Let's say I am to make a custom dropdown, and the HTML code looks kind of like this.

<div class="dropdown">
<span class="dropdown-label" style="display:block">Select a thing</span>
<ul class="dropdownItemContainer">
<li>Item 1</li>
<li>Item 2</li>
<li>Item 3</li>
<li>Item 4</li>
<li>Item 5</li>
<li>Item 6</li>
</ul>
</div>


In the CSS file I have something close to this:

ul.dropdownItemContainer li:hover {
background-color: #FF0000;
}


Yeah, there's really no dropdownish behavior, but it's not the point of discussion actually. The problem is that I couldn't think of a decent way to enable keyboard control for this dropdown. The desired outcome is the following: I press the down key, and the first option is highlighted; I press it again, and the second option is highlighted and so on.

The only option that I see at this point (just started studying JS) is to fetch all of the
ul
's children, stick'em into an array and assign the tags a background color through JS methods in a proper way whenever the down key is pressed.

On the other hand, I still have the :hover behavior described in the CSS for mouse countrol. Is there a smart way of simulating hovers?

Answer

I would go with a simple assignment of a class on your li-elements and steer it with a keydown handler. The following code is not meant to be complete but give you something you can work with.

var active = document.querySelector(".hover") || document.querySelector(".dropdownItemContainer li");

document.addEventListener("keydown",handler);
document.addEventListener("mouseover",handler);

function handler(e){
    console.log(e.which);
        active.classList.remove("hover");
    if (e.which == 40){
        active = active.nextElementSibling || active;
    }else if (e.which == 38){      
        active = active.previousElementSibling || active;
    }else{
        active = e.target;
    }
        active.classList.add("hover");
}

You can see a working example here