Ben Packard Ben Packard - 5 months ago 145
iOS Question

How to draw a transparent UIToolbar or UINavigationBar in iOS7

I would like an entirely transparent

UIToolbar
and/or
UINavigationBar
. I have tried the various incantations suggested for pre- and post-iOS 5 but none seem to work any more.

How might this be accomplished in iOS 7?

Answer

Swift 3

Transparent UIToolbar

self.toolbar.setBackgroundImage(UIImage(),
                                forToolbarPosition: .any,
                                barMetrics: .default)
self.toolbar.setShadowImage(UIImage(), forToolbarPosition: .any)

Transparent UINavigationBar

self.navigationBar.setBackgroundImage(UIImage(), forBarMetrics: UIBarMetrics.Default)
self.navigationBar.shadowImage = UIImage()
self.navigationBar.translucent = true

Swift < 3

Transparent UIToolbar

self.toolbar.setBackgroundImage(UIImage(),
                                forToolbarPosition: UIBarPosition.Any,
                                barMetrics: UIBarMetrics.Default)
self.toolbar.setShadowImage(UIImage(),
                            forToolbarPosition: UIBarPosition.Any)

Transparent UINavigationBar

self.navigationBar.setBackgroundImage(UIImage(), forBarMetrics: UIBarMetrics.Default)
self.navigationBar.shadowImage = UIImage()
self.navigationBar.translucent = true

Objective-C

Transparent UIToolbar

[self.toolbar setBackgroundImage:[UIImage new]
              forToolbarPosition:UIBarPositionAny
                      barMetrics:UIBarMetricsDefault];
[self.toolbar setShadowImage:[UIImage new]
          forToolbarPosition:UIBarPositionAny];

Transparent UINavigationBar

[self.navigationBar setBackgroundImage:[UIImage new]
                         forBarMetrics:UIBarMetricsDefault];
self.navigationBar.shadowImage = [UIImage new];
self.navigationBar.translucent = YES;

Discussion

Setting translucent to YES on the navigation bar does the trick, due to a behavior discussed in the UINavigationBar documentation. I'll report here the relevant fragment:

If you set this property to YES on a navigation bar with an opaque custom background image, the navigation bar will apply a system opacity less than 1.0 to the image.


Final result

enter image description here

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