Ross Drew Ross Drew - 2 years ago 159
Java Question

Why doesn't s3fs work like a normal file system with Apache MINA SSHD?

So I'm trying to create a Java SFTP server which acts as a front end for Apache S3 buckets. You connect via SFTP and manage S3 files in buckets like they were files on the SFTP server.

I've used Apache MINA (v1.2.0) as the SFTP server, which works fine using an

and default
(providing the local filesystem).

I've chosen Amazon-S3-FileSystem-NIO2(v1.2.1) as the
, which uses the Apache AWS APIs and seems to be the best option out there

public class S3FileSystemFactory implements FileSystemFactory {
private URI uri = URI.create("localhost");

public S3FileSystemFactory(URI uri){
this.uri = uri;

public FileSystem createFileSystem(Session session) throws IOException {
ClassLoader classLoader = Thread.currentThread().getContextClassLoader();
FileSystem s3FileSystem = FileSystems.newFileSystem(uri, new HashMap<String, Object>(), classLoader);
return s3FileSystem;

I'm just setting this as the
for MINA

SshServer sshd = SshServer.setUpDefaultServer();
sshd.setShellFactory(new ProcessShellFactory(new String[] { "/bin/sh", "-i", "-l" }));

URI uri = URI.create("s3:///");
FileSystemFactory s3FileSystemFactory = new S3FileSystemFactory(uri);

I can connect to this server with FileZilla/Command Line but it auto connects to the
bucket (not
). I can navigate to other buckets, even sub buckets but can't display the contents, everything just looks like an empty directory.

This can be done via the
I'm using as I can list directory contents, like so

Path p = s3FileSystem.getPath("/my_bucket");
String contents = "";
try (DirectoryStream<Path> stream = Files.newDirectoryStream(p, "*")) {
for (Path file : stream) {
contents += "\n \t - " + file.getFileName();
} catch (IOException | DirectoryIteratorException x) {}

I've been looking through the s3fs, MINA and AWS code (as the documentation is very limited) but can't pinpoint the source of this problem. Can anyone shed any light on what I'm doing wrong?


With logging for all libraries switched on, I get only one issue I can see

application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=utf-8
Fri, 20 May 2016 09:58:07 GMT
2016-05-20 10:58:07.240 DEBUG 13323 --- [system-thread-1] c.a.http.impl.client.SdkHttpClient : Stale connection check
2016-05-20 10:58:07.243 DEBUG 13323 --- [system-thread-1] c.a.http.impl.client.SdkHttpClient : Attempt 1 to execute request
2016-05-20 10:58:07.434 DEBUG 13323 --- [system-thread-1] c.a.http.impl.client.SdkHttpClient : Connection can be kept alive indefinitely
2016-05-20 10:58:07.435 DEBUG 13323 --- [system-thread-1] com.amazonaws.request : Received error response: Not Found (Service: null; Status Code: 404; Error Code: 404 Not Found; Request ID: MYREQID), S3 Extended Request ID: MYEXTREQID

Answer Source

The problem is twofold.

Firstly, Apache MINA SSHD requires the permission attribute be present for any FileSystem it uses, which is strange as that's a POSIX specific attribute. Secondly, Apache MINA SSHD calls (and requires) an unimplemented method in S3FileSystemProvider that get's a FileChannel

public FileChannel newFileChannel(Path path,
                                  Set<? extends OpenOption> options,
                                  FileAttribute<?>... attrs)

A hacky solution is just to hard-code POSIX read/write permissions into S3 attributes returned and create a S3FileChannel that simply calls the methods on the existing S3SeekableByteChannel.
That's the best solution I can come up with for now.

Recommended from our users: Dynamic Network Monitoring from WhatsUp Gold from IPSwitch. Free Download