ragesz ragesz - 9 days ago 5
Python Question

Python pandas convert datetime to timestamp effectively through dt accessor

I have a dataframe with some (hundreds of) million of rows. And I want to convert datetime to timestamp effectively. How can I do it?

My sample

df
:

df = pd.DataFrame(index=pd.DatetimeIndex(start=dt.datetime(2016,1,1,0,0,1),
end=dt.datetime(2016,1,2,0,0,1), freq='H'))\
.reset_index().rename(columns={'index':'datetime'})

df.head()

datetime
0 2016-01-01 00:00:01
1 2016-01-01 01:00:01
2 2016-01-01 02:00:01
3 2016-01-01 03:00:01
4 2016-01-01 04:00:01


Now I convert datetime to timestamp value-by-value with
.apply()
but it takes a very long time (some hours) if I have some (hundreds of) million rows:

df['ts'] = df[['datetime']].apply(lambda x: x[0].timestamp(), axis=1).astype(int)

df.head()

datetime ts
0 2016-01-01 00:00:01 1451602801
1 2016-01-01 01:00:01 1451606401
2 2016-01-01 02:00:01 1451610001
3 2016-01-01 03:00:01 1451613601
4 2016-01-01 04:00:01 1451617201


The above result is what I want.

If I try to use the
.dt
accessor of
pandas.Series
then I get error message:

df['ts'] = df['datetime'].dt.timestamp



AttributeError: 'DatetimeProperties' object has no attribute
'timestamp'


If I try to create eg. the date parts of datetimes with the
.dt
accessor then it is much more faster then using
.apply()
:

df['date'] = df['datetime'].dt.date

df.head()

datetime ts date
0 2016-01-01 00:00:01 1451602801 2016-01-01
1 2016-01-01 01:00:01 1451606401 2016-01-01
2 2016-01-01 02:00:01 1451610001 2016-01-01
3 2016-01-01 03:00:01 1451613601 2016-01-01
4 2016-01-01 04:00:01 1451617201 2016-01-01


I want something similar with timestamps...

But I don't really understand the official documentation: it talks about "Converting to Timestamps" but I don't see any timestamps there; it just talks about converting to datetime with
pd.to_datetime()
but not to timestamp...

pandas.Timestamp
constructor also doesn't work (returns with the below error):

df['ts2'] = pd.Timestamp(df['datetime'])



TypeError: Cannot convert input to Timestamp


pandas.Series.to_timestamp
also makes something totally different that I want:

df['ts3'] = df['datetime'].to_timestamp

df.head()

datetime ts ts3
0 2016-01-01 00:00:01 1451602801 <bound method Series.to_timestamp of 0 2016...
1 2016-01-01 01:00:01 1451606401 <bound method Series.to_timestamp of 0 2016...
2 2016-01-01 02:00:01 1451610001 <bound method Series.to_timestamp of 0 2016...
3 2016-01-01 03:00:01 1451613601 <bound method Series.to_timestamp of 0 2016...
4 2016-01-01 04:00:01 1451617201 <bound method Series.to_timestamp of 0 2016...


Thank you!!

Answer

I think you need convert first to numpy array by values and cast to int64 - output is in ns, so need divide by 10 ** 9:

df['ts'] = df.datetime.values.astype(np.int64) // 10 ** 9
print (df)
              datetime          ts
0  2016-01-01 00:00:01  1451606401
1  2016-01-01 01:00:01  1451610001
2  2016-01-01 02:00:01  1451613601
3  2016-01-01 03:00:01  1451617201
4  2016-01-01 04:00:01  1451620801
5  2016-01-01 05:00:01  1451624401
6  2016-01-01 06:00:01  1451628001
7  2016-01-01 07:00:01  1451631601
8  2016-01-01 08:00:01  1451635201
9  2016-01-01 09:00:01  1451638801
10 2016-01-01 10:00:01  1451642401
11 2016-01-01 11:00:01  1451646001
12 2016-01-01 12:00:01  1451649601
13 2016-01-01 13:00:01  1451653201
14 2016-01-01 14:00:01  1451656801
15 2016-01-01 15:00:01  1451660401
16 2016-01-01 16:00:01  1451664001
17 2016-01-01 17:00:01  1451667601
18 2016-01-01 18:00:01  1451671201
19 2016-01-01 19:00:01  1451674801
20 2016-01-01 20:00:01  1451678401
21 2016-01-01 21:00:01  1451682001
22 2016-01-01 22:00:01  1451685601
23 2016-01-01 23:00:01  1451689201
24 2016-01-02 00:00:01  1451692801

to_timestamp is used for converting from period to datetime index.