Dana Cartwright Dana Cartwright - 1 month ago 43
AngularJS Question

Object equality comparison for input[radio] with ng-model and ng-value

Let me start by saying that this question is very similar to issues with selection in a

<select>
tag using ng-options. For example, Working with ng-options in angular. The specific problem is comparing two different instances of an object which are not reference equal, but which logically represent the same data.

To demonstrate, let's say we have the following array of options and selected option variable in the model:

$scope.items = [
{ID: 1, Label: 'Foo', Extra: 17},
{ID: 2, Label: 'Bar', Extra: 18},
{ID: 3, Label: 'Baz', Extra: 19}
];
$scope.selectedItem = {ID: 1, Label: 'Foo'};


Note that the above objects are just for demonstration. I specifically left off the 'Extra' property on
selectedItem
to show that sometimes my model objects differ in their specific properties. The important thing is that I want to compare on the ID property. I have an
equals()
function on my real objects that compares both prototype 'class' and ID.

And then in the view:

<label class="radio inline" ng-repeat="item in items">
<input type="radio" ng-model="selectedItem" ng-value="item"> {{item.Label}}
</label>


Now, the problem here is that the radio button for 'Foo' will not start selected, because angular is using reference equality for the objects. If I changed the last line in my scope to the below, everything would work as expected.

$scope.selectedItem = items[0];


But, the problem I'm having is that in my application, I'm not simply declaring these two simple variables in scope. Rather, the options list and the data structure where the selected option are being bound are both part of larger sets of JSON data that are queried from the server using $http. In the general case, it's very difficult for me to go change the data-bound selected property to be the equivalent option from my data query.

So, my question:
In ng-options for the
<select>
, angular offers a
track by
expression that allows me to say something like "object.ID" and inform angular that it should compare the selected model value to the options via the ID property. Is there something similar that I can use for a bunch of radio inputs all bound to the same model property? Ideally, I would be able to tell angular to use my own custom equals() method that I've placed on these model objects, which checks both object type as well as ID. Failing that though, being able to specify ID comparison would also work.

Answer

I write a most simple directive. Using a kind of "track-by" to map two different objects. See the http://jsfiddle.net/xWWwT/146/.

HTML

<div ng-app="app">
<div ng-app ng-controller="ThingControl">    
    <ul >
        <li ng-repeat="color in colors">
            <input type="radio" name="color" ng-model="$parent.thing" ng-value="color" radio-track-by="name" />{{ color.name }}
        </li>
    </ul>
    Preview: {{ thing }}
</div>
</div>

JS

var app = angular.module('app', []);

app.controller('ThingControl', function($scope){
    $scope.colors = [
        { name: "White", hex: "#ffffff"},
        { name: "Black", hex: "#000000"},
        { name: "Red", hex: "#000000"},
        { name: "Green", hex: "#000000"}
    ];

    $scope.thing = { name: "White", hex: "#ffffff"};

});

app.directive('radioTrackBy', function(){
return {
        restrict: "A",
        scope: {
            ngModel: "=",
            ngValue: "=",
            radioTrackBy: "@"
        },
        link: function (ng) {   
            if (ng.ngValue[ng.radioTrackBy] === ng.ngModel[ng.radioTrackBy]) {                                
                ng.ngModel = ng.ngValue;
            }
        }
    };
});
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