homaxto homaxto - 4 months ago 9
Java Question

Compound keys in JPA

I want to make an entity that has an autogenerated primary key, but also a unique compound key made up of two other fields. How do I do this in JPA?

I want to do this because the primary key should be used as foreign key in another table and making it compound would not be good.

In the following snippet, I need the command and model to be unique. pk is of course the primary key.

@Entity
@Table(name = "dm_action_plan")
public class ActionPlan {
@Id
private int pk;
@Column(name = "command", nullable = false)
private String command;
@Column(name = "model", nullable = false)
String model;
}

Answer

You can use @UniqueConstraint something like this :

@Entity
@Table(name = "dm_action_plan",
       uniqueConstraints={ @UniqueConstraint(columnNames= "command","model") } )
public class ActionPlan {
    @Id
    private int pk;

    @Column(name = "command", nullable = false)
    private String command;

    @Column(name = "model", nullable = false)
    String model;
}

This will allow your JPA implementation to generate the DDL for the unique constraint.