gregor gregor - 4 months ago 50
Javascript Question

RxJS Observable returning array, run another function with each array iteration

I have a function

getNews()
, which basically returns angular's http.get request. Result of request is array of Id's. I would like to iterate through this array I got and run another http.get request (function
getItem(id)
), which will then return single Id's object, received from server.

I've tried using it like so:

getLatest() {
return this.http.get('all_news_url')
.map(res => res.json())
// I even tried creating Observable from array and get only 5 elements
//.map(res => Observable.from(res.json()))
//.take(5)
.map((data) => this.getItem(data))
.subscribe(
data => {
console.log(data);
}
)
}

getItem(itemId: any): Observable<any> {
console.log('item id', itemId);

return this.http.get(this.generateUrl(`item/${itemId}`))
.map(res => res.json());
}


Obviously, this doesn't work. parameter to
getItem()
function always gets passed as whole array of Id's.

Thank you everyone for participating in this question.

Answer

You probably want to use the concatMap operator instead of map. concatMap flattens the returning Observable to the source Observable, while map returns an observable of observable.

If you want data from getItem() to be in the same order listed in 'all_news_url', you could try something like

this.http.get('all_news_url')
.concatMap(res => Observable.from(res.json()).take(5))
.concatMap((data) => this.getItem(data))
.subscribe(
  data => {
    console.log(data);
  }
);

With the above code, the calls to getItem() will be synchronous, i.e there will only be one request to 'item/${itemId}' at a time, and in order

If you don't care about the order and want to speed them up by sending multiple requests at a time, change the second concatMap to mergeMap. Note that the requests (to item/itemId) will still be in order but there is no guarantee about the responses' order. You can supply the maximum concurrent requests as the third parameter to mergeMap (ignoring the second parameter by passing undefined or null).

.concatMap(res => Observable.from(res.json()).take(5))
.mergeMap((data) => this.getItem(data), null, 3)

passing 1 as the third parameter of mergeMap would be equivalent to concatMap