cashmere cashmere - 9 days ago 6
C# Question

How to print PDF document from Windows Service

I have windows service that must periodically print PDF document from server. My function is

private void PrintFormPdfData(byte[] formPdfData)
{
string tempFile;

tempFile = Path.GetTempFileName();

using (FileStream fs = new FileStream(tempFile, FileMode.Create))
{
fs.Write(formPdfData, 0, formPdfData.Length);
fs.Flush();
}

string pdfArguments = string.Format("/p /h\"{0}\"", tempFile);

string pdfPrinterLocation = @"C:\Program Files (x86)\Adobe\Reader 9.0\Reader\AcroRd32.exe";


ProcessStartInfo newProcess = new ProcessStartInfo(pdfPrinterLocation, pdfArguments);
newProcess.CreateNoWindow = true;
newProcess.RedirectStandardOutput = true;
newProcess.UseShellExecute = false;
newProcess.RedirectStandardError = true;

Process pdfProcess = new Process();
pdfProcess.StartInfo = newProcess;
pdfProcess.StartInfo.WindowStyle = ProcessWindowStyle.Hidden;
pdfProcess.Start();
pdfProcess.WaitForExit();
}


When I implement this in Windows Application it works, but when I implement in Windows service it does not work.

Can you help me?

Answer

I solve problem with Session 0. I use this class

 public class ProcessStarter : IDisposable
{
    #region Import Section

    private static uint STANDARD_RIGHTS_REQUIRED = 0x000F0000;
    private static uint STANDARD_RIGHTS_READ = 0x00020000;
    private static uint TOKEN_ASSIGN_PRIMARY = 0x0001;
    private static uint TOKEN_DUPLICATE = 0x0002;
    private static uint TOKEN_IMPERSONATE = 0x0004;
    private static uint TOKEN_QUERY = 0x0008;
    private static uint TOKEN_QUERY_SOURCE = 0x0010;
    private static uint TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES = 0x0020;
    private static uint TOKEN_ADJUST_GROUPS = 0x0040;
    private static uint TOKEN_ADJUST_DEFAULT = 0x0080;
    private static uint TOKEN_ADJUST_SESSIONID = 0x0100;
    private static uint TOKEN_READ = (STANDARD_RIGHTS_READ | TOKEN_QUERY);
    private static uint TOKEN_ALL_ACCESS = (STANDARD_RIGHTS_REQUIRED | TOKEN_ASSIGN_PRIMARY | TOKEN_DUPLICATE | TOKEN_IMPERSONATE | TOKEN_QUERY | TOKEN_QUERY_SOURCE | TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES | TOKEN_ADJUST_GROUPS | TOKEN_ADJUST_DEFAULT | TOKEN_ADJUST_SESSIONID);

    private const uint NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS = 0x0020;

    private const uint CREATE_UNICODE_ENVIRONMENT = 0x00000400;


    private const uint MAX_PATH = 260;

    private const uint CREATE_NO_WINDOW = 0x08000000;

    private const uint INFINITE = 0xFFFFFFFF;

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    public struct SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES
    {
        public int nLength;
        public IntPtr lpSecurityDescriptor;
        public int bInheritHandle;
    }

    public enum SECURITY_IMPERSONATION_LEVEL
    {
        SecurityAnonymous,
        SecurityIdentification,
        SecurityImpersonation,
        SecurityDelegation
    }

    public enum TOKEN_TYPE
    {
        TokenPrimary = 1,
        TokenImpersonation
    }

    public enum WTS_CONNECTSTATE_CLASS
    {
        WTSActive,
        WTSConnected,
        WTSConnectQuery,
        WTSShadow,
        WTSDisconnected,
        WTSIdle,
        WTSListen,
        WTSReset,
        WTSDown,
        WTSInit
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential, CharSet = CharSet.Unicode)]
    public struct STARTUPINFO
    {
        public Int32 cb;
        public string lpReserved;
        public string lpDesktop;
        public string lpTitle;
        public Int32 dwX;
        public Int32 dwY;
        public Int32 dwXSize;
        public Int32 dwYSize;
        public Int32 dwXCountChars;
        public Int32 dwYCountChars;
        public Int32 dwFillAttribute;
        public Int32 dwFlags;
        public Int16 wShowWindow;
        public Int16 cbReserved2;
        public IntPtr lpReserved2;
        public IntPtr hStdInput;
        public IntPtr hStdOutput;
        public IntPtr hStdError;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    internal struct PROCESS_INFORMATION
    {
        public IntPtr hProcess;
        public IntPtr hThread;
        public int dwProcessId;
        public int dwThreadId;
    }

    [StructLayout(LayoutKind.Sequential)]
    private struct WTS_SESSION_INFO
    {
        public Int32 SessionID;

        [MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.LPStr)]
        public String pWinStationName;

        public WTS_CONNECTSTATE_CLASS State;
    }

    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
    static extern uint WTSGetActiveConsoleSessionId();

    [DllImport("wtsapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
    static extern bool WTSQueryUserToken(int sessionId, out IntPtr tokenHandle);

    [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
    public extern static bool DuplicateTokenEx(IntPtr existingToken, uint desiredAccess, IntPtr tokenAttributes, SECURITY_IMPERSONATION_LEVEL impersonationLevel, TOKEN_TYPE tokenType, out IntPtr newToken);

    [DllImport("advapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
    static extern bool CreateProcessAsUser(IntPtr token, string applicationName, string commandLine, ref SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES processAttributes, ref SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES threadAttributes, bool inheritHandles, uint creationFlags, IntPtr environment, string currentDirectory, ref STARTUPINFO startupInfo, out PROCESS_INFORMATION processInformation);

    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
    static extern bool CloseHandle(IntPtr handle);

    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
    static extern int GetLastError();

    [DllImport("kernel32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
    static extern int WaitForSingleObject(IntPtr token, uint timeInterval);

    [DllImport("wtsapi32.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
    static extern int WTSEnumerateSessions(System.IntPtr hServer, int Reserved, int Version, ref System.IntPtr ppSessionInfo, ref int pCount);

    [DllImport("userenv.dll", CharSet = CharSet.Auto, SetLastError = true)]
    static extern bool CreateEnvironmentBlock(out IntPtr lpEnvironment, IntPtr hToken, bool bInherit);

    [DllImport("wtsapi32.dll", ExactSpelling = true, SetLastError = false)]
    public static extern void WTSFreeMemory(IntPtr memory);

    [DllImport("userenv.dll", SetLastError = true)]
    [return: MarshalAs(UnmanagedType.Bool)]
    static extern bool DestroyEnvironmentBlock(IntPtr lpEnvironment);

    #endregion

    /// <summary>
    /// Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="ProcessStarter"/> class.
    /// </summary>
    public ProcessStarter()
    {

    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="ProcessStarter"/> class.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="processName">Name of the process.</param>
    /// <param name="fullExeName">Full name of the exe.</param>
    public ProcessStarter(string processName, string fullExeName)
    {
        processName_ = processName;
        processPath_ = fullExeName;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Initializes a new instance of the <see cref="ProcessStarter"/> class.
    /// </summary>
    /// <param name="processName">Name of the process.</param>
    /// <param name="fullExeName">Full name of the exe.</param>
    /// <param name="arguments">The arguments.</param>
    public ProcessStarter(string processName, string fullExeName, string arguments)
    {
        processName_ = processName;
        processPath_ = fullExeName;
        arguments_ = arguments;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets the current user token.
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public static IntPtr GetCurrentUserToken()
    {
        IntPtr currentToken = IntPtr.Zero;
        IntPtr primaryToken = IntPtr.Zero;
        IntPtr WTS_CURRENT_SERVER_HANDLE = IntPtr.Zero;

        int dwSessionId = 0;
        IntPtr hUserToken = IntPtr.Zero;
        IntPtr hTokenDup = IntPtr.Zero;

        IntPtr pSessionInfo = IntPtr.Zero;
        int dwCount = 0;

        WTSEnumerateSessions(WTS_CURRENT_SERVER_HANDLE, 0, 1, ref pSessionInfo, ref dwCount);

        Int32 dataSize = Marshal.SizeOf(typeof(WTS_SESSION_INFO));

        Int32 current = (int)pSessionInfo;
        for (int i = 0; i < dwCount; i++)
        {
            WTS_SESSION_INFO si = (WTS_SESSION_INFO)Marshal.PtrToStructure((System.IntPtr)current, typeof(WTS_SESSION_INFO));
            if (WTS_CONNECTSTATE_CLASS.WTSActive == si.State)
            {
                dwSessionId = si.SessionID;
                break;
            }

            current += dataSize;
        }

        WTSFreeMemory(pSessionInfo);

        bool bRet = WTSQueryUserToken(dwSessionId, out currentToken);
        if (bRet == false)
        {
            return IntPtr.Zero;
        }

        bRet = DuplicateTokenEx(currentToken, TOKEN_ASSIGN_PRIMARY | TOKEN_ALL_ACCESS, IntPtr.Zero, SECURITY_IMPERSONATION_LEVEL.SecurityImpersonation, TOKEN_TYPE.TokenPrimary, out primaryToken);
        if (bRet == false)
        {
            return IntPtr.Zero;
        }

        return primaryToken;
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Runs this instance.
    /// </summary>
    public void Run()
    {

        IntPtr primaryToken = GetCurrentUserToken();
        if (primaryToken == IntPtr.Zero)
        {
            return;
        }
        STARTUPINFO StartupInfo = new STARTUPINFO();
        processInfo_ = new PROCESS_INFORMATION();
        StartupInfo.cb = Marshal.SizeOf(StartupInfo);

        SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES Security1 = new SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES();
        SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES Security2 = new SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES();

        string command = "\"" + processPath_ + "\"";
        if ((arguments_ != null) && (arguments_.Length != 0))
        {
            command += " " + arguments_;
        }

        IntPtr lpEnvironment = IntPtr.Zero;
        bool resultEnv = CreateEnvironmentBlock(out lpEnvironment, primaryToken, false);
        if (resultEnv != true)
        {
            int nError = GetLastError();
        }

        CreateProcessAsUser(primaryToken, null, command, ref Security1, ref Security2, false, CREATE_NO_WINDOW | NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS | CREATE_UNICODE_ENVIRONMENT, lpEnvironment, null, ref StartupInfo, out processInfo_);

        DestroyEnvironmentBlock(lpEnvironment);
        CloseHandle(primaryToken);
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Stops this instance.
    /// </summary>
    public void Stop()
    {
        Process[] processes = Process.GetProcesses();
        foreach (Process current in processes)
        {
            if (current.ProcessName == processName_)
            {
                current.Kill();
            }
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Waits for exit.
    /// </summary>
    /// <returns></returns>
    public int WaitForExit()
    {
        WaitForSingleObject(processInfo_.hProcess, INFINITE);
        int errorcode = GetLastError();
        return errorcode;
    }



    #region IDisposable Members

    /// <summary>
    /// Performs application-defined tasks associated with freeing, releasing, or resetting unmanaged resources.
    /// </summary>
    public void Dispose()
    {
    }

    #endregion

    private string processPath_ = string.Empty;
    private string processName_ = string.Empty;
    private string arguments_ = string.Empty;
    private PROCESS_INFORMATION processInfo_;

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets or sets the process path.
    /// </summary>
    /// <value>The process path.</value>
    public string ProcessPath
    {
        get
        {
            return processPath_;
        }
        set
        {
            processPath_ = value;
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets or sets the name of the process.
    /// </summary>
    /// <value>The name of the process.</value>
    public string ProcessName
    {
        get
        {
            return processName_;
        }
        set
        {
            processName_ = value;
        }
    }

    /// <summary>
    /// Gets or sets the arguments.
    /// </summary>
    /// <value>The arguments.</value>
    public string Arguments
    {
        get
        {
            return arguments_;
        }
        set
        {
            arguments_ = value;
        }
    }
}

Now, my function look like:

     private void PrintFormPdfData(byte[] formPdfData)
     {
        string tempFile;

        tempFile = Path.GetTempFileName();

        using (FileStream fs = new FileStream(tempFile, FileMode.Create))
        {
            fs.Write(formPdfData, 0, formPdfData.Length);
            fs.Flush();
        }
        string pdfArguments =string.Format("/t /o {0} \"Printer name\"", tempFile);

        string pdfPrinterLocation = @"C:\Program Files (x86)\Adobe\Reader 9.0\Reader\AcroRd32.exe";

         try
        {

        ProcessStarter processStarter = new ProcessStarter("AcroRd32", pdfPrinterLocation, pdfArguments);
        processStarter.Run();
        processStarter.WaitForExit();
        processStarter.Stop();

        }
         finally
         {
             File.Delete(tempFile);
         }

}

Also, ServiceProcessInstaller must have Account set to "LocalSystem". When I created service I set to "Local service" with this user it does not work. I did not try with "Network service" or "User"