James A. Rosen James A. Rosen - 4 months ago 5
CSS Question

How do I use reference images in Sass when using Rails 3.1?

I have a Rails 3.1 project with the asset pipeline working great. The problem is that I need to reference images in my Sass, but Rails calculates image URLs. (This is particularly important in production, where Rails appends the Git hash of the image to its filename to bust caches.)

For example, in


.button.checkable { background-image: url(/assets/tick.png); }

When I deploy (or run
rake assets:precompile
), the file
is moved to
or something similar. This breaks the CSS. This post makes two suggestions:

  1. don't use the asset pipeline for images -- instead put them in
    and reference them directly

  2. use ERB for your CSS and let Rails work out the image URL.

Number 1 is certainly a possibility, though it means I don't get cache-busting on my images. Number 2 is out because I'm using Sass, not ERB to process the files.


The following should do the trick:

.button.checkable { background-image: url(image_path('tick.png')); }

Rails in fact provides a bunch of helpers to reference the assets:


In general

[asset_type]-url('asset_name') #Becomes url('assets/asset_name')
[asset_type]-path('asset_name') #Becomes 'assets/asset_name'

asset_type may be one of the following: image, font, video, audio, javascript, stylesheet