Data-Base Data-Base - 1 month ago 29
C# Question

Client to send SOAP request and received response

Trying to create a C# client (will be developed as a Windows service) that sends SOAP requests to a web service (and gets the results).

From this question I saw this code:

protected virtual WebRequest CreateRequest(ISoapMessage soapMessage)
{
var wr = WebRequest.Create(soapMessage.Uri);
wr.ContentType = "text/xml;charset=utf-8";
wr.ContentLength = soapMessage.ContentXml.Length;

wr.Headers.Add("SOAPAction", soapMessage.SoapAction);
wr.Credentials = soapMessage.Credentials;
wr.Method = "POST";
wr.GetRequestStream().Write(Encoding.UTF8.GetBytes(soapMessage.ContentXml), 0, soapMessage.ContentXml.Length);

return wr;
}

public interface ISoapMessage
{
string Uri { get; }
string ContentXml { get; }
string SoapAction { get; }
ICredentials Credentials { get; }
}


Looks nice, anyone knows how to use it and if it is the best practice?

Answer

However, I normally use another way to do the same

using System.Xml;
using System.Net;
using System.IO;

public static void CallWebService()
{
    var _url = "http://xxxxxxxxx/Service1.asmx";
    var _action = "http://xxxxxxxx/Service1.asmx?op=HelloWorld";

    XmlDocument soapEnvelopeXml = CreateSoapEnvelope();
    HttpWebRequest webRequest = CreateWebRequest(_url, _action);
    InsertSoapEnvelopeIntoWebRequest(soapEnvelopeXml, webRequest);

    // begin async call to web request.
    IAsyncResult asyncResult = webRequest.BeginGetResponse(null, null);

    // suspend this thread until call is complete. You might want to
    // do something usefull here like update your UI.
    asyncResult.AsyncWaitHandle.WaitOne();

    // get the response from the completed web request.
    string soapResult;
    using (WebResponse webResponse = webRequest.EndGetResponse(asyncResult))
    {
        using (StreamReader rd = new StreamReader(webResponse.GetResponseStream()))
        {
            soapResult = rd.ReadToEnd();
        }
        Console.Write(soapResult);        
    }
}

private static HttpWebRequest CreateWebRequest(string url, string action)
{
    HttpWebRequest webRequest = (HttpWebRequest)WebRequest.Create(url);
    webRequest.Headers.Add("SOAPAction", action);
    webRequest.ContentType = "text/xml;charset=\"utf-8\"";
    webRequest.Accept = "text/xml";
    webRequest.Method = "POST";
    return webRequest;
}

private static XmlDocument CreateSoapEnvelope()
{
    XmlDocument soapEnvelop = new XmlDocument();
    soapEnvelop.LoadXml(@"<SOAP-ENV:Envelope xmlns:SOAP-ENV=""http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/"" xmlns:xsi=""http://www.w3.org/1999/XMLSchema-instance"" xmlns:xsd=""http://www.w3.org/1999/XMLSchema""><SOAP-ENV:Body><HelloWorld xmlns=""http://tempuri.org/"" SOAP-ENV:encodingStyle=""http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/encoding/""><int1 xsi:type=""xsd:integer"">12</int1><int2 xsi:type=""xsd:integer"">32</int2></HelloWorld></SOAP-ENV:Body></SOAP-ENV:Envelope>");
    return soapEnvelop;
}

private static void InsertSoapEnvelopeIntoWebRequest(XmlDocument soapEnvelopeXml, HttpWebRequest webRequest)
{
    using (Stream stream = webRequest.GetRequestStream())
    {
        soapEnvelopeXml.Save(stream);
    }
}
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