adib adib - 4 years ago 2381
Javascript Question

jQuery get the location of an element relative to window

Given an HTML DOM ID, how to get an element's position relative to the window in JavaScript/JQuery? This is not the same as relative to the document nor offset parent since the element may be inside an iframe or some other elements. I need to get the screen location of the element's rectangle (as in position and dimension) as it is currently being displayed. Negative values are acceptable if the element is currently off-screen (have been scrolled off).

This is for an iPad (WebKit / WebView) application. Whenever the user taps on a special link in an

UIWebView
, I am supposed to open a popover view that displays further information about the link. The popover view needs to display an arrow that points back to the part of the screen that invokes it.

Answer Source

Initially, Grab the .offset position of the element and calculate it's relative position with respect to window

Refer :
1. offset
2. scroll
3. scrollTop

You can give it a try at this fiddle

Following few lines of code explains how this can be solved

when .scroll event is performed, we calculate the relative position of the element with respect to window object

$(window).scroll(function () {
    console.log(eTop - $(window).scrollTop());
});

when scroll is performed in browser, we call the above event handler function

code snippet


function log(txt) {
  $("#log").html("location : <b>" + txt + "</b> px")
}

$(function() {
  var eTop = $('#element').offset().top; //get the offset top of the element
  log(eTop - $(window).scrollTop()); //position of the ele w.r.t window

  $(window).scroll(function() { //when window is scrolled
    log(eTop - $(window).scrollTop());
  });
});
#element {
  margin: 140px;
  text-align: center;
  padding: 5px;
  width: 200px;
  height: 200px;
  border: 1px solid #0099f9;
  border-radius: 3px;
  background: #444;
  color: #0099d9;
  opacity: 0.6;
}
#log {
  position: fixed;
  top: 40px;
  left: 40px;
  color: #333;
}
#scroll {
  position: fixed;
  bottom: 10px;
  right: 10px;
  border: 1px solid #000;
  border-radius: 2px;
  padding: 5px;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<div id="log"></div>

<div id="element">Hello
  <hr>World</div>
<div id="scroll">Scroll Down</div>

Recommended from our users: Dynamic Network Monitoring from WhatsUp Gold from IPSwitch. Free Download