Eli Bendersky - 6 months ago 62

Python Question

I would want to do something like:

`>>> lst = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]`

>>> lst.find(lambda x: x % 2 == 0)

2

>>> lst.findall(lambda x: x % 2 == 0)

[2, 4]

Is there anything nearing such behavior in Python's standard libraries?

I know it's very easy to roll-your-own here, but I'm looking for a more standard way.

Answer

You can use the filter method:

```
>>> lst = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
>>> filter(lambda x: x % 2 == 0, lst)
[2, 4]
```

or a list comprehension:

```
>>> lst = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
>>> [x for x in lst if x %2 == 0]
[2, 4]
```

EDIT: for find (single element), you could try:

```
>>> (x for x in lst if x % 2 == 0).next()
2
```

Though that would throw an exception if nothing matches, so you'd probably want to wrap it in a try/catch. The () brackets make this a generator expression rather than a list comprehension.

Personally though I'd just use the regular filter/comprehension and take the first element (if there is one).

These raise an exception if nothing is found

```
filter(lambda x: x % 2 == 0, lst)[0]
[x for x in lst if x %2 == 0][0]
```

These return empty lists

```
filter(lambda x: x % 2 == 0, lst)[:1]
[x for x in lst if x %2 == 0][:1]
```