user1698174 - 1 month ago 5
Python Question

# Collatz conjecture sequence

The Collatz conjecture

what i am trying to do:
Write a function called collatz_sequence that takes a starting integer and returns the sequence of integers, including the starting point, for that number. Return the sequence in the form of a list. Create your function so that if the user inputs any integer less than 1, it returns the empty list [].

background on collatz conjecture:

Take any natural number n. If n is even, divide it by 2 to get n / 2, if n is odd multiply it by 3 and add 1 to obtain 3n + 1. Repeat the process indefinitely. The conjecture is that no matter what number you start with, you will always eventually reach 1.

What I have so far:

``````def collatz_sequence(x):
seq = [x]
if x < 1:
return []
while x > 1:
if x % 2 == 0:
x= x/2
else:
x= 3*x+1
return seq
``````

When I run this with a number less than 1 i get the empty set which is right. But when i run it with a number above 1 I only get that number i.e. collatz_sequence(6) returns [6]. I need this to return the whole sequence of numbers so 6 should return 6,3,10,5,16,8,4,2,1 in a list.

You forgot to append the `x` values to the `seq` list:

``````def collatz_sequence(x):
seq = [x]
if x < 1:
return []
while x > 1:
if x % 2 == 0:
x = x / 2
else:
x = 3 * x + 1
``````~/tmp\$ python collatz.py