Hmmmmm Hmmmmm - 1 year ago 93
C++ Question

counting duplicates in c++

Let's say I have an array of ints {100, 80, 90, 100, 80, 60}

so I want to count those duplicates and save those counter for later.
because each duplicate number should be divided by counter

like 100 is duplicated 2 times so they should be 50 each.

to find duplicates, I used sort.

std::sort(array, array + number);
for(int i = 0; i < number; i++) {
if(array[i] == array[i+1])

and I've tried to make counter array to save them on each num of array. but it didn't work. please give me some better idea.

Answer Source

Approach 1

The easiest way, is not to sort your array, and increment elements of a map:

unordered_map<int, size_t> count;  // holds count of each encountered number 
for (int i=0; i<number; i++)        
    count[array[i]]++;             // magic ! 

You can then process the content of the map:

for (auto &e:count)                // display the result 
    cout << e.first <<" : "<<e.second<< "-> "<<e.first/e.second<<endl; 

If needed, filter out the non duplicates by rerasing them from the map or ignoring it during the processing.

Approach 2

If you're not allowed to use maps, then you have to elaborate your counting loop, in order to restart counting for each new number, and being able to process consecutive dups also if more than two:

for(int i = 0; i < number; i+=counter) {
    for (counter=1; i+counter<number && array[i+counter]==array[i]; ) 
        counter++;       // count consecutives dups
    if (counter>1) {     // if more than one, process the dups.  
        cout << "dup: " << array[i] << " "<<counter<<endl;   

If you need to store the pairs to process them in asecond step, you need to store a pair (preferably in a vector, but if needed in an array):

pair<int, size_t> result[number];  // a vector would be preferable
int nres=0; 
    if (counter>1) {     // if more than one, process the dups.  
        // cout << "dup: " << array[i] << " "<<counter<<endl; 
        result[nres++] = make_pair(array[i], counter);  

Online demo for both approaches