Nimit_ZZ Nimit_ZZ - 1 month ago 30
Java Question

Microsoft Excel Macro to run Java program

I have learnt to read and write an Excel file using a Java program with the help of Jxl and POI API. Is it possible to run a Java program with the help of macros?

Answer

Yes, it is possible.

There are quite a few ways actually and I hope you like my examples.

To demonstrate this, I create a program where some text is send as arguments and program responds with an altered version of it. I made a runnable jar of it. First example reads the argument from args and other from standard input.

File Hello.java and H1.jar:

public class Hello {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("Hello");

        if (args.length > 0) 
            sb.append(' ').append(args[0]);
        System.out.println(sb.append('.').toString());
    }
}

File Hello2.java and H2.jar:

import java.util.Scanner;

public class Hello2 {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder("Hello");

        sb.append(' ').append(sc.nextLine());
        System.out.println(sb.append('.').toString());
    }
}

You can save them in a single jar, but then you need create and use a manifest (that's a bit overkill).

Now in Excel I add a module and a reference to Windows Script Host Object. If you do not like the sleep, then you can replace it with DoEvents:

'add a reference to Windows Script Host Object Model
'for example : Tools-References
Option Explicit
Private Declare Sub Sleep Lib "kernel32" (ByVal dwMilliseconds As Long)

Private Sub RunSleep( _
    exec As WshExec, _
    Optional timeSegment As Long = 20 _
)
    Do While exec.Status = WshRunning
        Sleep timeSegment
    Loop
End Sub

Private Function RunProgram( _
    program As String, _
    Optional command As String = "" _
) As WshExec
    Dim wsh As New WshShell
    Dim exec As WshExec

    Set exec = wsh.exec(program)
    Call exec.StdIn.WriteLine(command)
    Call RunSleep(exec)
    Set RunProgram = exec
End Function

And to test it I saved the files to c:\ drive and used the code:

Public Sub Run()
    Dim program As WshExec
    Set program = RunProgram("java -jar ""C:\\H1.jar"" Margus")
    Debug.Print "STDOUT: " & program.StdOut.ReadAll

    Set program = RunProgram("java -jar ""C:\\H2.jar", "Margus")
    Debug.Print "STDOUT: " & program.StdOut.ReadAll
End Sub

In my case I get a responce of :

STDOUT: Hello Margus.

STDOUT: Hello Margus.

If you found this useful, do not forget to upvote :D