Sebtm Sebtm - 3 months ago 25
C++ Question

C++ convert string to hexadecimal and vice versa

What is the best way to convert a string to hex and vice versa in C++?

Example:


  • A string like
    "Hello World"
    to hex format:
    48656C6C6F20576F726C64

  • And from hex
    48656C6C6F20576F726C64
    to string:
    "Hello World"


Answer

A string like "Hello World" to hex format: 48656C6C6F20576F726C64.

Ah, here you go:

#include <string>

std::string string_to_hex(const std::string& input)
{
    static const char* const lut = "0123456789ABCDEF";
    size_t len = input.length();

    std::string output;
    output.reserve(2 * len);
    for (size_t i = 0; i < len; ++i)
    {
        const unsigned char c = input[i];
        output.push_back(lut[c >> 4]);
        output.push_back(lut[c & 15]);
    }
    return output;
}

#include <algorithm>
#include <stdexcept>

std::string hex_to_string(const std::string& input)
{
    static const char* const lut = "0123456789ABCDEF";
    size_t len = input.length();
    if (len & 1) throw std::invalid_argument("odd length");

    std::string output;
    output.reserve(len / 2);
    for (size_t i = 0; i < len; i += 2)
    {
        char a = input[i];
        const char* p = std::lower_bound(lut, lut + 16, a);
        if (*p != a) throw std::invalid_argument("not a hex digit");

        char b = input[i + 1];
        const char* q = std::lower_bound(lut, lut + 16, b);
        if (*q != b) throw std::invalid_argument("not a hex digit");

        output.push_back(((p - lut) << 4) | (q - lut));
    }
    return output;
}

(This assumes that a char has 8 bits, so it's not very portable, but you can take it from here.)

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