user3749778 user3749778 - 3 months ago 161
Python Question

TensorFlow Choose GPU to use from multiple GPUs

I'm new to TensorFlow and have installed CUDA-7.5 and cudnn-v4 as per the instructions on the TensorFlow website. After adjusting the TensorFlow configuration file and trying to run the following example from the website:

python -m tensorflow.models.image.mnist.convolutional


I'm pretty sure TensorFlow is using one of the GPUs instead of the other, however, I'd like it to use the faster one. I was wondering if this example code just defaults to using the first GPU it finds. If so, how can I choose which GPU to use in my TensorFlow code in python?

The messages I get when running the example code are:

ldt-tesla:~$ python -m tensorflow.models.image.mnist.convolutional
I tensorflow/stream_executor/dso_loader.cc:108] successfully opened CUDA library libcublas.so locally
I tensorflow/stream_executor/dso_loader.cc:108] successfully opened CUDA library libcudnn.so locally
I tensorflow/stream_executor/dso_loader.cc:108] successfully opened CUDA library libcufft.so locally
I tensorflow/stream_executor/dso_loader.cc:108] successfully opened CUDA library libcuda.so locally
I tensorflow/stream_executor/dso_loader.cc:108] successfully opened CUDA library libcurand.so locally
Extracting data/train-images-idx3-ubyte.gz
Extracting data/train-labels-idx1-ubyte.gz
Extracting data/t10k-images-idx3-ubyte.gz
Extracting data/t10k-labels-idx1-ubyte.gz
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_init.cc:102] Found device 0 with properties:
name: Tesla K20c
major: 3 minor: 5 memoryClockRate (GHz) 0.7055
pciBusID 0000:03:00.0
Total memory: 4.63GiB
Free memory: 4.57GiB
W tensorflow/stream_executor/cuda/cuda_driver.cc:572] creating context when one is currently active; existing: 0x2f27390
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_init.cc:102] Found device 1 with properties:
name: Quadro K2200
major: 5 minor: 0 memoryClockRate (GHz) 1.124
pciBusID 0000:02:00.0
Total memory: 3.95GiB
Free memory: 3.62GiB
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_init.cc:59] cannot enable peer access from device ordinal 0 to device ordinal 1
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_init.cc:59] cannot enable peer access from device ordinal 1 to device ordinal 0
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_init.cc:126] DMA: 0 1
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_init.cc:136] 0: Y N
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_init.cc:136] 1: N Y
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:806] Creating TensorFlow device (/gpu:0) -> (device: 0, name: Tesla K20c, pci bus id: 0000:03:00.0)
I tensorflow/core/common_runtime/gpu/gpu_device.cc:793] Ignoring gpu device (device: 1, name: Quadro K2200, pci bus id: 0000:02:00.0) with Cuda multiprocessor count: 5. The minimum required count is 8. You can adjust this requirement with the env var TF_MIN_GPU_MULTIPROCESSOR_COUNT.
Initialized!

Answer

You can set the CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES environment variable to expose only the ones that you want, quoting this example on masking gpus:

CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=1  Only device 1 will be seen
CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0,1    Devices 0 and 1 will be visible
CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=”0,1”  Same as above, quotation marks are optional
CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES=0,2,3  Devices 0, 2, 3 will be visible; device 1 is masked