Green Green - 4 months ago 15
jQuery Question

How to determine the direction on onmousemove event?

On some condition I want to cancel

onmousemove
event when mouse goes down, for example. Is it possible to determine the direction of
onmousemove
event? jQ or JS is Ok.

I have drag’n’drop elements. The user drags the elenment up. If, for example, the bottom of the element reaches some position in the document (i.e.
500px
from the top of the document) the
onmousemove
stops. And if the user will try to drag the element up again the function will not start. Only drag down will be possible for this element. So I thought it would be quite easy to do it by catching the direction of the
mousemove
event. But it seems there’s no such kind of standard properties.

Answer

You can save the position of the last mousemove event to compare to the current position:

//setup a variable to store our last position
var last_position = {},
$output       = $('#output');

//note that `.on()` is new in jQuery 1.7 and is the same as `.bind()` in this case
$(document).on('mousemove', function (event) {

    //check to make sure there is data to compare against
    if (typeof(last_position.x) != 'undefined') {

        //get the change from last position to this position
        var deltaX = last_position.x - event.clientX,
            deltaY = last_position.y - event.clientY;

        //check which direction had the highest amplitude and then figure out direction by checking if the value is greater or less than zero
        if (Math.abs(deltaX) > Math.abs(deltaY) && deltaX > 0) {
            //left
        } else if (Math.abs(deltaX) > Math.abs(deltaY) && deltaX < 0) {
            //right
        } else if (Math.abs(deltaY) > Math.abs(deltaX) && deltaY > 0) {
            //up
        } else if (Math.abs(deltaY) > Math.abs(deltaX) && deltaY < 0) {
            //down
        }
    }

    //set the new last position to the current for next time
    last_position = {
        x : event.clientX,
        y : event.clientY
    };
});

Here is a demo: http://jsfiddle.net/Dv29e/

Update

You can also throttle the mousemove event to get more of a general idea where the mouse has moved:

var last_position = {},
    $output       = $('#output'),
    mousemove_ok  = true,
    mouse_timer   = setInterval(function () {
        mousemove_ok = true;
    }, 500);
$(document).on('mousemove', function (event) {
    if (mousemove_ok) {
        mousemove_ok = false;
        ...
    }
});

This will only check the cursor's position against it's past position if:

  1. the last position exists.
  2. the mousemove_ok variable is set to true which is done every half second.

Here is a throttled demo: http://jsfiddle.net/Dv29e/4/