Omnifarious Omnifarious - 7 months ago 14
Python Question

I want to wait on both a file descriptor and a mutex, what's the recommended way to do this?

I would like to spawn off threads to perform certain tasks, and use a thread-safe queue to communicate with them. I would also like to be doing IO to a variety of file descriptors while I'm waiting.

What's the recommended way to accomplish this? Do I have to created an inter-thread pipe and write to it when the queue goes from no elements to some elements? Isn't there a better way?

And if I have to create the inter-thread pipe, why don't more libraries that implement shared queues allow you to create the shared queue and inter-thread pipe as a single entity?

Does the fact I want to do this at all imply a fundamental design flaw?

I'm asking this about both C++ and Python. And I'm mildly interested in a cross-platform solution, but primarily interested in Linux.

For a more concrete example...

I have some code which will be searching for stuff in a filesystem tree. I have several communications channels open to the outside world through sockets. Requests that may (or may not) result in a need to search for stuff in the filesystem tree will be arriving.

I'm going to isolate the code that searches for stuff in the filesystem tree in one or more threads. I would like to take requests that result in a need to search the tree and put them in a thread-safe queue of things to be done by the searcher threads. The results will be put into a queue of completed searches.

I would like to be able to service all the non-search requests quickly while the searches are going on. I would like to be able to act on the search results in a timely fashion.

Servicing the incoming requests would generally imply some kind of event-driven architecture that uses

epoll
. The queue of disk-search requests and the return queue of results would imply a thread-safe queue that uses mutexes or semaphores to implement the thread safety.

The standard way to wait on an empty queue is to use a condition variable. But that won't work if I need to service other requests while I'm waiting. Either I end up polling the results queue all the time (and delaying the results by half the poll interval, on average), blocking and not servicing requests.

Answer

Whenever one uses an event driven architecture, one is required to have a single mechanism to report event completion. On Linux, if one is using files, one is required to use something from the select or poll family meaning that one is stuck with using a pipe to initiate all none file related events.

There is another option and that is signals. One can use fcntl modify the file descriptor such that a signal is emitted when the file descriptor becomes active. The signal handler may then push a file-ready message onto any type of queue of your choosing. This may be a simple semaphore or mutex/condvar driven queue. Since one is now no longer using select/poll, one no longer needs to use a pipe to queue none file based messages.

Health warning: I have not tried this and although I cannot see why it will not work, I don't really know the performance implications of the signal approach.