rudyryk rudyryk - 2 months ago 14
C# Question

How to implement "get or create" query with Realm for Xamarin?

Consider the simple model:

public class Session : RealmObject
{
[ObjectId]
public string UserId { get; set; }
public string Token { get; set; }
}


How to get the
Session
instance by ID or
null
if it doesn't exist?

var realm = Realm.GetInstance ();
var q = realm.All<Session> ().Where ((x) => x.UserId = "1");
// This won't work if no session is saved:
// var session = q.First ();
// and this won't either
// var session = q.FirstOrDefault ();
// And this is mmm... kind of strange but it's working :)
var session = q.Count() > 0 ? q.First() : null;


So, how it's supposed to be done by design?

Answer

What you would like to do is:

var localSession = theRealm.All<Session>().FirstOrDefault((Session session) => session.UserId == "1");

But FirstOrDefault/SingleOrDefault is not yet supported (as of 0.77.2)

Any, First and Single are currently supported (Current Linq Support):

If/Else on Any style:

Session session = null;
var sessions = theRealm.All<Session>().Where((Session localSession) => localSession.UserId == "1");
if (!sessions.Any())
    theRealm.Write(() =>
    {
        session = new Session() { UserId = "1", Token = "SO" };
    });
else
    session = sessions.First();
D.WriteLine($"{session?.UserId}:{session?.Token}");

Try/Catch on InvalidOperationException:

Session localSession = null;
try
{
    localSession = theRealm.All<Session>().First((Session session) => session.UserId == "1");
}
catch (InvalidOperationException error) when (error.Message == "Sequence contains no matching element")
{
    theRealm.Write(() =>
    {
        localSession = new Session() { UserId = "1", Token = "SO" };
    });
}
D.WriteLine($"{localSession?.UserId}:{localSession?.Token}");
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