natsuki_1996 natsuki_1996 - 3 months ago 31
Python Question

python: make pandas dataframe column headers all lowercase

I want to make all column headers in my pandas data frame lower case

for example, if I have:

data =

country country isocode year XRAT tcgdp
0 Canada CAN 2001 1.54876 924909.44207
1 Canada CAN 2002 1.56932 957299.91586
2 Canada CAN 2003 1.40105 1016902.00180
....


I would like to change XRAT to xrat by doing something like:

data.headers.lowercase()


So that I get:

country country isocode year xrat tcgdp
0 Canada CAN 2001 1.54876 924909.44207
1 Canada CAN 2002 1.56932 957299.91586
2 Canada CAN 2003 1.40105 1016902.00180
3 Canada CAN 2004 1.30102 1096000.35500
....


I will not know the names of each column header ahead of time.

Thanks!

Answer

You can do it like this:

data.columns = map(str.lower, data.columns)

or

data.columns = [x.lower() for x in data.columns]

example:

>>> data = pd.DataFrame({'A':range(3), 'B':range(3,0,-1), 'C':list('abc')})
>>> data
   A  B  C
0  0  3  a
1  1  2  b
2  2  1  c
>>> data.columns = map(str.lower, data.columns)
>>> data
   a  b  c
0  0  3  a
1  1  2  b
2  2  1  c