Carlos Carlos - 3 months ago 21
Java Question

Tree implementation in Java (root, parents and children)

I need to create a tree structure similar as the attached image in Java. I've found some questions related to this one but I haven't found a convincing and well explained response.
The application business consists in food super categories (main courses, desserts and other). Each of these categories can have parent items or children items and so on.

Desired tree Structure

Answer
public class Node<T> {
    private List<Node<T>> children = new ArrayList<Node<T>>();
    private Node<T> parent = null;
    private T data = null;

    public Node(T data) {
        this.data = data;
    }

    public Node(T data, Node<T> parent) {
        this.data = data;
        this.parent = parent;
    }

    public List<Node<T>> getChildren() {
        return children;
    }

    public void setParent(Node<T> parent) {
        parent.addChild(this);
        this.parent = parent;
    }

    public void addChild(T data) {
        Node<T> child = new Node<T>(data);
        child.setParent(this);
        this.children.add(child);
    }

    public void addChild(Node<T> child) {
        child.setParent(this);
        this.children.add(child);
    }

    public T getData() {
        return this.data;
    }

    public void setData(T data) {
        this.data = data;
    }

    public boolean isRoot() {
        return (this.parent == null);
    }

    public boolean isLeaf() {
        if(this.children.size() == 0) 
            return true;
        else 
            return false;
    }

    public void removeParent() {
        this.parent = null;
    }
}

Example:

Node<String> parentNode = new Node<String>("Parent"); 
Node<String> childNode1 = new Node<String>("Child 1", parentNode);
Node<String> childNode2 = new Node<String>("Child 2");     

childNode2.setParent(parentNode); 

Node<String> grandchildNode = new Node<String>("Grandchild of parentNode. Child of childNode1", childNode1); 
List<Node<String>> childrenNodes = parentNode.getChildren();