madcapnmckay madcapnmckay - 11 months ago 162
C# Question

A generic error occurred in GDI+, JPEG Image to MemoryStream

This seems to be a bit of an infamous error all over the web. So much so that I have been unable to find an answer to my problem as my scenario doesn't fit. An exception gets thrown when I save the image to the stream.

Weirdly this works perfectly with a png but gives the above error with jpg and gif which is rather confusing.

Most similar problem out there relate to saving images to files without permissions. Ironically the solution is to use a memory stream as I am doing....

public static byte[] ConvertImageToByteArray(Image imageToConvert)
using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
ImageFormat format;
switch (imageToConvert.MimeType())
case "image/png":
format = ImageFormat.Png;
case "image/gif":
format = ImageFormat.Gif;
format = ImageFormat.Jpeg;

imageToConvert.Save(ms, format);
return ms.ToArray();

More detail to the exception. The reason this causes so many issues is the lack of explanation :(

System.Runtime.InteropServices.ExternalException was unhandled by user code
Message="A generic error occurred in GDI+."
at System.Drawing.Image.Save(Stream stream, ImageCodecInfo encoder, EncoderParameters encoderParams)
at System.Drawing.Image.Save(Stream stream, ImageFormat format)
at Caldoo.Infrastructure.PhotoEditor.ConvertImageToByteArray(Image imageToConvert) in C:\Users\Ian\SVN\Caldoo\Caldoo.Coordinator\PhotoEditor.cs:line 139
at Caldoo.Web.Controllers.PictureController.Croppable() in C:\Users\Ian\SVN\Caldoo\Caldoo.Web\Controllers\PictureController.cs:line 132
at lambda_method(ExecutionScope , ControllerBase , Object[] )
at System.Web.Mvc.ActionMethodDispatcher.Execute(ControllerBase controller, Object[] parameters)
at System.Web.Mvc.ReflectedActionDescriptor.Execute(ControllerContext controllerContext, IDictionary`2 parameters)
at System.Web.Mvc.ControllerActionInvoker.InvokeActionMethod(ControllerContext controllerContext, ActionDescriptor actionDescriptor, IDictionary`2 parameters)
at System.Web.Mvc.ControllerActionInvoker.<>c__DisplayClassa.<InvokeActionMethodWithFilters>b__7()
at System.Web.Mvc.ControllerActionInvoker.InvokeActionMethodFilter(IActionFilter filter, ActionExecutingContext preContext, Func`1 continuation)

OK things I have tried so far.

  1. Cloning the image and working on that.

  2. Retrieving the encoder for that MIME passing that with jpeg quality setting.

Please can anyone help.

Answer Source

OK I seem to have found the cause just by sheer luck and its nothing wrong with that particular method, it's further back up the call stack.

Earlier I resize the image and as part of that method I return the resized object as follows. I have inserted two calls to the above method and a direct save to a file.

// At this point the new bitmap has no MimeType
// Need to output to memory stream
using (var m = new MemoryStream())
       dst.Save(m, format);

       var img = Image.FromStream(m);

       var bytes = PhotoEditor.ConvertImageToByteArray(img);

       return img;

It appears that the memory stream that the object was created on has to be open at the time the object is saved. I am not sure why this is. Is anyone able to enlighten me and how I can get around this.

I only return from a stream because after using the resize code similar to this the destination file has an unknown mime type (img.RawFormat.Guid) and Id like the Mime type to be correct on all image objects as it makes it hard write generic handling code otherwise.


This didn't come up in my initial search but here's the answer from Jon Skeet