Ronald James Pulpel Ronald James Pulpel - 1 month ago 9
Java Question

How to generate multiple lines in PDF using Apache pdfbox

I am using Pdfbox to generate PDF files using Java. The problem is that when i add long text contents in the document, it is not displayed properly. Only a part of it is displayed. That too in a single line.

I want text to be in multiple lines.

My code is given below:

PDPageContentStream pdfContent=new PDPageContentStream(pdfDocument, pdfPage, true, true);

pdfContent.beginText();
pdfContent.setFont(pdfFont, 11);
pdfContent.moveTextPositionByAmount(30,750);
pdfContent.drawString("I am trying to create a PDF file with a lot of text contents in the document. I am using PDFBox");
pdfContent.endText();


My output:

This is my output file

mkl mkl
Answer

Adding to the answer of Mark you might want to know where to split your long string. You can use the PDFont method getStringWidth for that.

Putting everything together you get something like this (with minor differences depending on the PDFBox version):

PDFBox 1.8.x

PDDocument doc = null;
try
{
    doc = new PDDocument();
    PDPage page = new PDPage();
    doc.addPage(page);
    PDPageContentStream contentStream = new PDPageContentStream(doc, page);

    PDFont pdfFont = PDType1Font.HELVETICA;
    float fontSize = 25;
    float leading = 1.5f * fontSize;

    PDRectangle mediabox = page.findMediaBox();
    float margin = 72;
    float width = mediabox.getWidth() - 2*margin;
    float startX = mediabox.getLowerLeftX() + margin;
    float startY = mediabox.getUpperRightY() - margin;

    String text = "I am trying to create a PDF file with a lot of text contents in the document. I am using PDFBox"; 
    List<String> lines = new ArrayList<String>();
    int lastSpace = -1;
    while (text.length() > 0)
    {
        int spaceIndex = text.indexOf(' ', lastSpace + 1);
        if (spaceIndex < 0)
            spaceIndex = text.length();
        String subString = text.substring(0, spaceIndex);
        float size = fontSize * pdfFont.getStringWidth(subString) / 1000;
        System.out.printf("'%s' - %f of %f\n", subString, size, width);
        if (size > width)
        {
            if (lastSpace < 0)
                lastSpace = spaceIndex;
            subString = text.substring(0, lastSpace);
            lines.add(subString);
            text = text.substring(lastSpace).trim();
            System.out.printf("'%s' is line\n", subString);
            lastSpace = -1;
        }
        else if (spaceIndex == text.length())
        {
            lines.add(text);
            System.out.printf("'%s' is line\n", text);
            text = "";
        }
        else
        {
            lastSpace = spaceIndex;
        }
    }

    contentStream.beginText();
    contentStream.setFont(pdfFont, fontSize);
    contentStream.moveTextPositionByAmount(startX, startY);            
    for (String line: lines)
    {
        contentStream.drawString(line);
        contentStream.moveTextPositionByAmount(0, -leading);
    }
    contentStream.endText(); 
    contentStream.close();

    doc.save("break-long-string.pdf");
}
finally
{
    if (doc != null)
    {
        doc.close();
    }
}

(BreakLongString.java test testBreakString for PDFBox 1.8.x)

PDFBox 2.0.x

PDDocument doc = null;
try
{
    doc = new PDDocument();
    PDPage page = new PDPage();
    doc.addPage(page);
    PDPageContentStream contentStream = new PDPageContentStream(doc, page);

    PDFont pdfFont = PDType1Font.HELVETICA;
    float fontSize = 25;
    float leading = 1.5f * fontSize;

    PDRectangle mediabox = page.getMediaBox();
    float margin = 72;
    float width = mediabox.getWidth() - 2*margin;
    float startX = mediabox.getLowerLeftX() + margin;
    float startY = mediabox.getUpperRightY() - margin;

    String text = "I am trying to create a PDF file with a lot of text contents in the document. I am using PDFBox"; 
    List<String> lines = new ArrayList<String>();
    int lastSpace = -1;
    while (text.length() > 0)
    {
        int spaceIndex = text.indexOf(' ', lastSpace + 1);
        if (spaceIndex < 0)
            spaceIndex = text.length();
        String subString = text.substring(0, spaceIndex);
        float size = fontSize * pdfFont.getStringWidth(subString) / 1000;
        System.out.printf("'%s' - %f of %f\n", subString, size, width);
        if (size > width)
        {
            if (lastSpace < 0)
                lastSpace = spaceIndex;
            subString = text.substring(0, lastSpace);
            lines.add(subString);
            text = text.substring(lastSpace).trim();
            System.out.printf("'%s' is line\n", subString);
            lastSpace = -1;
        }
        else if (spaceIndex == text.length())
        {
            lines.add(text);
            System.out.printf("'%s' is line\n", text);
            text = "";
        }
        else
        {
            lastSpace = spaceIndex;
        }
    }

    contentStream.beginText();
    contentStream.setFont(pdfFont, fontSize);
    contentStream.newLineAtOffset(startX, startY);
    for (String line: lines)
    {
        contentStream.showText(line);
        contentStream.newLineAtOffset(0, -leading);
    }
    contentStream.endText(); 
    contentStream.close();

    doc.save(new File(RESULT_FOLDER, "break-long-string.pdf"));
}
finally
{
    if (doc != null)
    {
        doc.close();
    }
}

(BreakLongString.java test testBreakString for PDFBox 2.0.x)

The result

Screenshot of the result PDF displayed in Acrobat Reader

This looks as expected.

Of course there are numerous improvements to make but this should show how to do it.