daGUY daGUY - 2 months ago 12
CSS Question

CSS text-overflow in a table cell?

I want to use CSS

text-overflow
in a table cell, such that if the text is too long to fit on one line, it will clip with an ellipsis instead of wrapping to multiple lines. Is this possible?

I tried this:


td {
overflow: hidden;
text-overflow: ellipsis;
white-space: nowrap;
}


But the
white-space: nowrap
seems to make the text (and its cell) continually expand out to the right, pushing the total width of the table beyond the width of its container. Without it, however, the text continues to wrap to multiple lines when it hits the edge of the cell.

TFD TFD
Answer

To clip text with an ellipsis when it overflows a table cell, you will need to set the max-width CSS property on each td class for the overflow to work. No extra layout div's are required

td {
    max-width: 100px;
    overflow: hidden;
    text-overflow: ellipsis;
    white-space: nowrap;
}

For responsive layouts; use the max-width CSS property to specify the effective minimum width of the column, or just use max-width: 0; for unlimited flexibility. Also, the containing table will need a specific width, typically width: 100%;, and the columns will typically have their width set as percentage of the total width

table {
    width: 100%;
}
td {
    max-width: 0;
    overflow: hidden;
    text-overflow: ellipsis;
    white-space: nowrap;
}
td.columnA {
    width: 30%;
}
td.columnB {
    width: 70%;
}

Historical: For IE 9 (or less) you need to have this in your HTML, to fix an IE-specific rendering issue

<!--[if IE]>
<style>
    table {
        table-layout: fixed;
        width: 100px;
    }
</style>
<![endif]-->