jcrowson jcrowson - 1 month ago 19
Android Question

Foreign key constraints in Android using SQLite? on Delete cascade

I have two tables: tracks and waypoints, a track can have many waypoints, but a waypoint is assigned to only 1 track.

In the way points table I have a column called "trackidfk" which inserts the track_ID once a track is made, however I have not setup Foreign Key constraints on this column.

When I delete a track I want to delete the assigned waypoints, is this possible?. I read about using Triggers but I don't think they are supported in Android.

To create the waypoints table:

public void onCreate(SQLiteDatabase db) {
db.execSQL( "CREATE TABLE " + TABLE_NAME
+ " ("
+ _ID + " INTEGER PRIMARY KEY AUTOINCREMENT, "
+ LONGITUDE + " INTEGER,"
+ LATITUDE + " INTEGER,"
+ TIME + " INTEGER,"
+ TRACK_ID_FK + " INTEGER"
+ " );"
);

...
}

Answer

Foreign key constraints with on delete cascade are supported, but you need to enable them.
I just added the following to my SQLOpenHelper, which seems to do the trick.

@Override
public void onOpen(SQLiteDatabase db) {
    super.onOpen(db);
    if (!db.isReadOnly()) {
        // Enable foreign key constraints
        db.execSQL("PRAGMA foreign_keys=ON;");
    }
}

I declared my referencing column as follows.

mailbox_id INTEGER REFERENCES mailboxes ON DELETE CASCADE
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