Leon Nguyen Leon Nguyen - 1 year ago 92
Javascript Question

Parsing Query String in node.js

In this "Hello World" example:

// Load the http module to create an http server.
var http = require('http');

// Configure our HTTP server to respond with Hello World to all requests.
var server = http.createServer(function (request, response) {
response.writeHead(200, {"Content-Type": "text/plain"});
response.end("Hello World\n");
});

// Listen on port 8000, IP defaults to 127.0.0.1
server.listen(8000);

// Put a friendly message on the terminal
console.log("Server running at http://127.0.0.1:8000/");


How can I get the parameters from the query string?

http://127.0.0.1:8000/status?name=ryan


In the documentation, they mentioned:

node> require('url').parse('/status?name=ryan', true)
{ href: '/status?name=ryan'
, search: '?name=ryan'
, query: { name: 'ryan' }
, pathname: '/status'
}


But I did not understand how to use it. Could anyone explain?

Thanks in advance

Answer Source

You can use the parse method from the URL module in the request callback.

var http = require('http');
var url = require('url');

// Configure our HTTP server to respond with Hello World to all requests.
var server = http.createServer(function (request, response) {
  var queryData = url.parse(request.url, true).query;
  response.writeHead(200, {"Content-Type": "text/plain"});

  if (queryData.name) {
    // user told us their name in the GET request, ex: http://host:8000/?name=Tom
    response.end('Hello ' + queryData.name + '\n');

  } else {
    response.end("Hello World\n");
  }
});

// Listen on port 8000, IP defaults to 127.0.0.1
server.listen(8000);

I suggest you read the HTTP module documentation to get an idea of what you get in the createServer callback. You should also take a look at sites like http://howtonode.org/ and checkout the Express framework to get started with Node faster.