Tomek Tomek - 6 months ago 19
SQL Question

SQL not a single-group group function

When I run the following SQL statement:

SELECT MAX(SUM(TIME))
FROM downloads
GROUP BY SSN


It returns the maximum sum value of downloads by a customer, however if I try to find the social security number that that max value belongs to by adding it to the select statement:

SELECT SSN, MAX(SUM(TIME))
FROM downloads
GROUP BY SSN


I get the following error:


not a single-group group function


I do not understand why it is throwing this error. A google search came up with the following action:

Drop either the group function or the individual column expression from the SELECT list or add a GROUP BY clause that includes all individual column expressions listed

From what I think this is saying
- dropping the group function makes the sum value invalid
- droping the individual column expression (SSN) will just give me the max sum
- not sure about that third part.

Could anyone guide in the right direction?

-Tomek

EDIT: TIME in this database refers to the number of times downloaded

Answer

Well the problem simply-put is that the SUM(TIME) for a specific SSN on your query is a single value, so it's objecting to MAX as it makes no sense (The maximum of a single value is meaningless).

Not sure what SQL database server you're using but I suspect you want a query more like this (Written with a MSSQL background - may need some translating to the sql server you're using):

SELECT TOP 1 SSN, SUM(TIME)
FROM downloads
GROUP BY SSN
ORDER BY 2 DESC

This will give you the SSN with the highest total time and the total time for it.

Edit - If you have multiple with an equal time and want them all you would use:

SELECT
SSN, SUM(TIME)
FROM downloads
GROUP BY SSN
HAVING SUM(TIME)=(SELECT MAX(SUM(TIME)) FROM downloads GROUP BY SSN))