Ashwani K Ashwani K - 6 months ago 295
Android Question

ListView inside ScrollView is not scrolling on Android

I am having trouble with a scrolling

ListView
inside a
ScrollView
. I have an Activity which has some EditTexts in the top part and then a tab host with two tabs which have one ListView each. When the EditText views are focused, the soft keyboard comes up and as I have a ScrollView, the content is scrollable. But the problem comes when there are more items in ListViews (ones in tabs), I am not able to scroll the ListView, even if there are more items.

The following is the layout XML:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>

<RelativeLayout
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:background="?backgroundImage"
android:orientation="vertical">

<LinearLayout
android:orientation="horizontal"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="50dip"
android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
android:layout_margin="10dip"
android:id="@+id/buttons">
<Button
android:text="Save"
android:layout_margin="2dip"
android:textSize="20dip"
android:id="@+id/btnSaveorUpdate"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_width="145dip"></Button>
<Button
android:text="Cancel"
android:layout_margin="2dip"
android:textSize="20dip"
android:id="@+id/btnCancelorDelete"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_width="145dip"></Button>
</LinearLayout>
<ScrollView
android:layout_above="@id/buttons"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:fillViewport="true"
android:layout_margin="10dip">
<LinearLayout
android:orientation="vertical"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:layout_margin="10dip">
<TextView
android:text="Bill details"
android:textColor="?textColorDark"
android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
android:id="@+id/txtEnterDetails"
android:textSize="25dip"
android:textStyle="bold"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_marginBottom="2dip"></TextView>
<LinearLayout
android:focusable="true"
android:focusableInTouchMode="true"
android:layout_width="0dip"
android:layout_height="0dip" />
<EditText
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:hint="Enter data"
android:inputType="numberDecimal"
android:id="@+id/txtSample"
android:textSize="@dimen/editText"
android:layout_height="@dimen/editTextHeight"
android:text=""></EditText>
<EditText
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:id="@+id/txtDescription"
android:hint="Enter description"
android:textSize="@dimen/editText"
android:layout_height="@dimen/editTextHeight"
android:inputType="text"
android:text=""></EditText>
<EditText
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:id="@+id/txtComment"
android:hint="Enter comment (if any)"
android:textSize="@dimen/editText"
android:layout_height="@dimen/editTextHeight"
android:inputType="text"
android:text=""></EditText>
<LinearLayout
android:orientation="horizontal"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content">
<TextView
android:id="@+id/txtDate"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:text=""
android:textSize="20dip"
android:textColor="?textColorDark"
android:layout_marginLeft="10dip"
android:layout_height="@dimen/editTextHeight"
android:layout_gravity="center_vertical" />
<Button
android:id="@+id/btnPickDate"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="@dimen/editTextHeight"
android:text="Select date"
android:layout_margin="2dip"
android:textSize="15dip"
android:layout_gravity="center_vertical" />
</LinearLayout>
<TabHost
android:id="@+id/tabhost"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent">
<LinearLayout
android:id="@+id/linearLayout1"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:orientation="vertical">
<TabWidget
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:id="@android:id/tabs"></TabWidget>
<FrameLayout
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:id="@android:id/tabcontent">
<ScrollView
android:layout_above="@id/buttons"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:fillViewport="true"
android:id="@+id/tab1">
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="vertical">
<TableLayout
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_width="fill_parent">
<TableRow
android:id="@+id/tableRow1"
android:layout_marginLeft="2dip"
android:layout_marginRight="5dip"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content">
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal">
<ImageView
android:src="@drawable/ic_menu_invite"
android:layout_width="40dip"
android:layout_height="40dip"
android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"></ImageView>
<TextView
android:text="Add friend"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_centerVertical="true"
android:textColor="?textColorDark"
android:textSize="@dimen/editText"
android:layout_gravity="center_vertical" />
</LinearLayout>
</TableRow>
<TableRow
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_marginLeft="5dip"
android:layout_marginRight="5dip">
<TextView
android:id="@+id/txtData1"
android:layout_width="170dip"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="Data"
android:textSize="14dip"
android:textStyle="bold"
android:textColor="#000000">
</TextView>
<TextView
android:id="@+id/txtData2"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="Sample"
android:textSize="13dip"
android:textColor="#000000"></TextView>

</TableRow>
</TableLayout>
<ListView
android:cacheColorHint="#00000000"
android:id="@+id/ListView01"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_width="fill_parent" />
</LinearLayout>
</ScrollView>
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:gravity="center_horizontal"
android:id="@+id/tab2"
android:orientation="vertical">
<TableLayout
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_width="fill_parent">
<TableRow
android:id="@+id/tableRow2"
android:layout_marginLeft="2dip"
android:layout_marginRight="5dip"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content">
<LinearLayout
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:orientation="horizontal">
<ImageView
android:src="@drawable/ic_menu_invite"
android:layout_width="40dip"
android:layout_height="40dip"
android:layout_gravity="center_vertical"></ImageView>
<TextView
android:text="Sample"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_centerVertical="true"
android:textColor="?textColorDark"
android:textSize="@dimen/editText"
android:layout_gravity="center_vertical" />
</LinearLayout>
</TableRow>
<TableRow
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_marginLeft="5dip"
android:layout_marginRight="5dip">
<TextView
android:id="@+id/txtUser1"
android:layout_width="170dip"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="User"
android:textSize="14dip"
android:textStyle="bold"
android:textColor="#000000">
</TextView>
<TextView
android:id="@+id/txtUserData"
android:layout_width="wrap_content"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:text="UserData"
android:textSize="13dip"
android:textColor="#000000"></TextView>
</TableRow>
</TableLayout>

<ListView
android:cacheColorHint="#00000000"
android:id="@+id/ListView02"
android:layout_height="wrap_content"
android:layout_width="fill_parent" />

</LinearLayout>


</FrameLayout>
</LinearLayout>
</TabHost>
</LinearLayout>
</ScrollView>
</RelativeLayout>


Please can anyone tell me what the problem is here? I have another post on the ListView inside ScrollView problem, but they were of no use in my case.

Answer

You shouldn't put a ListView inside a ScrollView because the ListView class implements its own scrolling and it just doesn't receive gestures because they all are handled by the parent ScrollView. I strongly recommend you to simplify your layout somehow. For example you can add views you want to be scrolled to the ListView as headers or footers.

UPDATE:

Starting from API Level 21 (Lollipop) nested scroll containers are officially supported by Android SDK. There're a bunch of methods in View and ViewGroup classes which provide this functionality. To make nested scrolling work on the Lollipop you have to enable it for a child scroll view by adding android:nestedScrollingEnabled="true" to its XML declaration or by explicitly calling setNestedScrollingEnabled(true).

If you want to make nested scrolling work on pre-Lollipop devices, which you probably do, you have to use corresponding utility classes from the Support library. First you have to replace you ScrollView with NestedScrollView. The latter implements both NestedScrollingParent and NestedScrollingChild so it can be used as a parent or a child scroll container.

But ListView doesn't support nested scrolling, therefore you need to subclass it and implement NestedScrollingChild. Fortunately, the Support library provides NestedScrollingChildHelper class, so you just have to create an instance of this class and call its methods from the corresponding methods of your view class.

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