spiderlily - 1 year ago 102
Python Question

# Write formula to Excel with Python

I am in the process of brain storming how to best tackle the below problem. Any input is greatly appreciated.

Sample Excel sheet columns:

``````Column A  |  Column B  | Column C
Apple     |  Apple     |
Orange    |  Orange    |
Pear      |  Banana    |
``````

I want Excel to tell me whether items in column A and B match or mismatch and display results in column C. The formula I enter in column C would be
`=IF(A1=B1, "Match", "Mismatch")`

On excel, I would just drag the formula to the rest of the cells in column C to apply the formula to them and the result would be:

``````Column A  |  Column B  | Column C
Apple     |  Apple     | Match
Orange    |  Orange    | Match
Pear      |  Banana    | Mismatch
``````

To automate this using a python script, I tried:

``````import openpyxl
Sheet = wb.get_sheet_by_name('Sheet1')
for cellObj in Sheet.columns[2]:
cellObj.value = '=IF(\$A\$1=\$B\$1, "Match", "Mismatch")
wb.save('test.xlsx')
``````

This wrote the formula to all cells in column C, however the formula only referenced cell A1 and B1, so result in all cells in column C = Match.

``````Column A  |  Column B  | Column C
Apple     |  Apple     | Match
Orange    |  Orange    | Match
Pear      |  Banana    | Match
``````

How would you handle this?

You probably want to make the creation of the formula dynamic so each row of `C` takes from the corresponding rows of `A` and `B`:
``````for i, cellObj in enumerate(Sheet.columns[2], 1):