dynamic dynamic - 1 year ago 208
PHP Question

php iconv translit for removing accents: not working as excepted?

consider this simple code:

echo iconv('UTF-8', 'ASCII//TRANSLIT', 'è');

it prints


instead of just


do you know what I am doing wrong?

nothing changed after adding setlocale

setlocale(LC_COLLATE, 'en_US.utf8');
echo iconv('UTF-8', 'ASCII//TRANSLIT', 'è');

Answer Source

I have this standard function to return valid url strings without the invalid url characters. The magic seems to be in the line after the //remove unwanted characters comment.

This is taken from the Symfony framework documentation: http://www.symfony-project.org/jobeet/1_4/Doctrine/en/08 which in turn is taken from http://php.vrana.cz/vytvoreni-pratelskeho-url.php but i don't speak Czech ;-)

function slugify($text)
  // replace non letter or digits by -
  $text = preg_replace('#[^\\pL\d]+#u', '-', $text);

  // trim
  $text = trim($text, '-');

  // transliterate
  if (function_exists('iconv'))
    $text = iconv('utf-8', 'us-ascii//TRANSLIT', $text);

  // lowercase
  $text = strtolower($text);

  // remove unwanted characters
  $text = preg_replace('#[^-\w]+#', '', $text);

  if (empty($text))
    return 'n-a';

  return $text;

echo slugify('é'); // --> "e"
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