Bob Smith Bob Smith - 3 months ago 17
C Question

C: Correct result not returning to main

Function header is there as well as the calculation section

Basically, the correct result is not being returned into main where the value is always zero.

**Ideally answer in visual code for simplicity purposes.

(This code is reduced from the original source).

#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
#define PI 3.14159265358979323846
#define GRAVITY 9.8

// Function header: air time
double CalculateAirTime(double maxVelocity, double userAngle, double airTime);


int main(void)
{
// Variables
double maxVelocity;
double userAngle;
double ansDistance;
double airTime;


// Run function: air time
airTime = CalculateAirTime(airTime);


return 0;
}


// Function calc: air time
double CalculateAirTime(double velocity, double angle, double time)
{
printf("Total air time: %f\n", time);
time = ((2*velocity)*sin(angle)/GRAVITY);
return time;
}

Answer

1. Your function signature takes 3 arguments, and you only supply 1. How it compiles, I do not know, as I don't think it should.

2. The CalculateAirTime function prints a variable before calculating it. You first do this: printf("Total air time: %f\n", time); , and then calculate the actual air time: time = ((2*velocity)*sin(angle)/GRAVITY);

3. As an advice, since the CalculateAirTime function needs velocity and angle to return a calculated time, do not pass time as a parameter. It's useless. You can either declare a double variable inside the function or directly return the calculated time.

Replace double CalculateAirTime(double velocity, double angle, double time){...} with double CalculateAirTime(double velocity, double angle){...}

*EDIT! For clarity purposes, here is how I would probably write your program:**

#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
#define PI 3.14159265358979323846
#define GRAVITY 9.8

/*
I renamed some variables. Just from the variable names, I think you do not understand the solution
for this "air time" problem well. I might be mistaken tough. If you have any questions, please
ask them. You are not leaving this place until you fully understand what is happening.
*/

// Function DECLARATION:
double CalculateAirTime(double Initial_Velocity, double Launch_Angle);

int main(void)
{
    // variables
    double Initial_Velocity;
    double Launch_Angle;

    // Initial_Velocity = 20.0 should work aswell. This is called a cast. You will learn about it later
    Initial_Velocity = (double)(20.0);
    // Converting 45 degrees to radians, because the sin() library function works with radians
    Launch_Angle = (double)((45.0/180.0)*PI); 

    //Call function using our declared values as input
    CalculateAirTime(Initial_Velocity,Launch_Angle);


return 0;
}


// Function DEFINITION
//Try to use the same name for paramaters here, as you did in the declaration!
double CalculateAirTime(double Initial_Velocity, double Launch_Angle)
{
    double Air_Time;
    Air_Time = (double)((2*Initial_Velocity)*sin(Launch_Angle)/GRAVITY);

    printf("Total air time: %f\n", Air_Time));
    return time;
}
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