Ben Ben - 3 months ago 14
SQL Question

Extracting the total number of seconds from an interval data-type

When subtracting

timestamps
the return value is an
interval
data-type. Is there an elegant way to convert this value into the total number of (milli/micro) seconds in the interval, i.e. an integer.

The following would work, but it's not very pretty:

select abs( extract( second from interval_difference )
+ extract( minute from interval_difference ) * 60
+ extract( hour from interval_difference ) * 60 * 60
+ extract( day from interval_difference ) * 60 * 60 * 24
)
from ( select systimestamp - (systimestamp - 1) as interval_difference
from dual )


Is there a more elegant method in SQL or PL/SQL?

zep zep
Answer

I hope this help:

zep@dev> select interval_difference
      2        ,sysdate + (interval_difference * 86400) - sysdate as fract_sec_difference
      3  from   (select systimestamp - (systimestamp - 1) as interval_difference
      4          from   dual)
      5 ;

INTERVAL_DIFFERENCE                                                             FRACT_SEC_DIFFERENCE
------------------------------------------------------------------------------- --------------------
+000000001 00:00:00.375000                                                                 86400,375

With your test:

zep@dev> select interval_difference
      2        ,abs(extract(second from interval_difference) +
      3        extract(minute from interval_difference) * 60 +
      4        extract(hour from interval_difference) * 60 * 60 +
      5        extract(day from interval_difference) * 60 * 60 * 24) as your_sec_difference
      6        ,sysdate + (interval_difference * 86400) - sysdate as fract_sec_difference
      7        ,round(sysdate + (interval_difference * 86400) - sysdate) as sec_difference
      8        ,round((sysdate + (interval_difference * 86400) - sysdate) * 1000) as millisec_difference
      9  from   (select systimestamp - (systimestamp - 1) as interval_difference
     10          from   dual)
     11  /

INTERVAL_DIFFERENCE                                                             YOUR_SEC_DIFFERENCE FRACT_SEC_DIFFERENCE SEC_DIFFERENCE MILLISEC_DIFFERENCE
------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------------- -------------------- -------------- -------------------
+000000001 00:00:00.515000                                                                86400,515            86400,515          86401            86400515

zep@dev>