Aaron Aaron - 3 years ago 99
Git Question

How to git commit --amend a commit that's the base of a branch

I have branch foo off of master/head. I wanted to ammend the master/head and have these changes picked up on branch foo. I did the following:

git checkout master
git add ...
git commit --amend
git checkout foo
git rebase master

The problem was the old non-amended commit shows up as part of branch foo after the amend, and it got rebased onto master. I did a git rebase -i and deleted the old commit and that worked, but is there an easier/safer way to modify the commit that's the base of a branch? And yes, it's all local commits that haven't been pushed..

Answer Source

All you needed to do was to tell git where to start the rebase from: You can do this

git rebase --onto master SOMESHA foo

Where SOMESHA is the old master SHA. That is if your tree now looks like this

* aaaaaa - (master)
| * bbbbbb - (foo)
| * cccccc - (old master)
* ffffff

And you do

git rebase --onto master cccccc foo

Your tree will then look like this.

* dddddd - (foo)
* aaaaaa - (master)
* ffffff

ASIDE: we can use different names for the cccccc commit if you dont like using SHA values.

> git reflog master

aaaaaa master@{0}: reset: moving to something
cccccc master@{1}: commit: change the froozle
ffffff master@{2}: commit: snarf the froozle 

This means we can reference cccccc as master@{1} (AKA, the previous location of master)

So we could write this rebase as

git rebase --onto master master@{1} foo

Another description of the commit cccccc is foo^ (AKA, the parernt commit for foo), so we could also write this as

git rebase --onto master foo^ foo

They all do exactly the same thing, and you may prefer to use different ones in different situations. I usually find the SHA simple to use, as I will often pull up a graph of my repository before performing this kind of operation.

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