fbrundu fbrundu - 2 years ago 129
Python Question

Differences between use of os.path.join and os.sep concatenation

I am trying to figure out if it is better to use:

os.path.join(str1, str2)


str1 + os.sep + str2

Profiling with
I found that, as expected, concatenation is faster:

%timeit 'playground' + os.sep + 'Text'
10000000 loops, best of 3: 139 ns per loop

%timeit os.path.join('playground', 'Text')
1000000 loops, best of 3: 830 ns per loop

So my question is, since concatenation is also shorter, is there a reason to use


Answer Source

It's right there in the documentation:

os.path.join(path1[, path2[, ...]])

Join one or more path components intelligently. If any component is an absolute path, all previous components (on Windows, including the previous drive letter, if there was one) are thrown away, and joining continues. The return value is the concatenation of path1, and optionally path2, etc., with exactly one directory separator (os.sep) following each non-empty part except the last. (This means that an empty last part will result in a path that ends with a separator.) Note that on Windows, since there is a current directory for each drive, os.path.join("c:", "foo") represents a path relative to the current directory on drive C: (c:foo), not c:\foo.

os.path.join does much more:

>>> os.path.join("/home/", "/home/foo")
>>> "/home/" + os.sep + "/home/foo"

You will never have a situation where os.path.join is the bottleneck of your program, so use it, it's much more readable too.

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