JB2 JB2 - 1 year ago 282
Java Question

Android Retrofit Design Patterns

I am using Retrofit to interact with my REST API, and was wondering whether anybody has any design suggestions.

My app has the following packages:

  1. models

  2. services

  3. activities

  4. fragments

The services package contains the interfaces for Retrofit. For example:

public interface FooService {
@Headers("Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded; charset=UTF-8")
Call<FooBar> do();

Models contains...well, the different models. For example, FooBar. So far so good - just as per Retrofit documentation.

I have created an API class, that handles the Retrofit build logic (
Retrofit retrofit = new Retrofit.Builder()
etc), and exposes a static field: retrofit.In my activities I then can perform my requests as follows:

FooService service = API.retrofit.create(FooService.class);
Call<FooBar> call = service.do();

try {
retrofit2.Response response = call.execute();
// ...do stuff...
} catch(IOException) {}

And herewith comes my question: Would it be better to abstract the above further? So that I would not need to repeat the above everywhere? For example, something like:

MyOtherFooService service = new MyOtherFooService();
FooBar fooBar = service.do();

Any thoughts? Recommendations?

Answer Source

I usually use singleton pattern with following structure :

first define ServiceHelper like following :

public class ServiceHelper {

private static final String ENDPOINT = "http://test.com";

private static OkHttpClient httpClient = new OkHttpClient();
private static ServiceHelper instance = new ServiceHelper();
private IPlusService service;

private ServiceHelper() {

    Retrofit retrofit = createAdapter().build();
    service = retrofit.create(IPlusService.class);

public static ServiceHelper getInstance() {
    return instance;

private Retrofit.Builder createAdapter() {

    httpClient.setReadTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    httpClient.setConnectTimeout(60, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
    HttpLoggingInterceptor interceptor = new HttpLoggingInterceptor();

    return new Retrofit.Builder()

public Call<List<CategoryModel>> getAllCategory() {
    return service.getAllCategory();

Then put all of your services in IService (in my case it's IPlusService)

    public interface IPlusService {
    //@Headers( "Content-Type: application/json" ) in Post method may use this
    Call<List<CategoryModel>> getAllCategory();

Then call your singleton like below in your activity/fragment :

ServiceHelper.getInstance().getAllCategory().enqueue(new Callback<List<CategoryModel>>() {
        public void onResponse(Response<List<CategoryModel>> response, Retrofit retrofit) {

        public void onFailure(Throwable t) {
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