iDeveloper iDeveloper - 2 months ago 21
Swift Question

How to get previous and next month in calendar[Swift]

I am trying to get previous and next month by click on button.
but this has changed my year not month.

I am trying it from using this link Here but it is in Objective-C

func firstDateOfMonth(){

let components = calendar.components([.Year, .Month], fromDate: date)
let startOfMonth = calendar.dateFromComponents(components)!
print(dateFormatatter.stringFromDate(startOfMonth)) // 2015-11-01

}
func lastDateOfMonth(){

let components = calendar.components([.Year, .Month, .Day, .Hour, .Minute, .Second], fromDate: date)

let month = components.month
let year = components.year

let startOfMonth1 = ("01-\(month)-\(year)")


var startOfMonth : NSDate?
var lengthOfMonth : NSTimeInterval = 0
calendar.rangeOfUnit(.Month, startDate: &startOfMonth, interval: &lengthOfMonth, forDate: date)
let endOfMonth = startOfMonth!.dateByAddingTimeInterval(lengthOfMonth - 1)
print(dateFormatatter.stringFromDate(endOfMonth))
}

func monthCalculation(){
firstDateOfMonth()
lastDateOfMonth()
}

@IBAction func previousMonthBtnAction(sender: AnyObject) {

let componen = calendar.components([.Day , .Month , .Year], fromDate: date)
componen.month = -1
self.date = calendar.dateFromComponents(componen)!
print(self.date)
}

@IBAction func nextMonthBtnAction(sender: AnyObject) {

}


So how to do it for both previous and next month.

Answer

Try like this.

To get date of next month.

let nextMonth = NSCalendar.currentCalendar().dateByAddingUnit(.Month, value: 1, toDate: NSDate(), options: [])

To get date of previous month.

let previousMonth = NSCalendar.currentCalendar().dateByAddingUnit(.Month, value: -1, toDate: NSDate(), options: [])

Note: To get date of next and previous month I have used todays date, you can use date from which you want next and previous month date, just change NSDate() with your NSDate object.

Edit: For continues traveling of next and previous months you need to store one date object currentDate and when you try to get next and previous month use that date object and update it.

For next month.

let currentDate = NSCalendar.currentCalendar().dateByAddingUnit(.Month, value: 1, toDate: currentDate, options: [])

For previous month.

let currentDate = NSCalendar.currentCalendar().dateByAddingUnit(.Month, value: -1, toDate: currentDate, options: [])

You can also use extension that will make thing easy.

extension NSDate {
    func getNextMonth() -> NSDate?{
        return NSCalendar.currentCalendar().dateByAddingUnit(.Month, value: 1, toDate: self, options: [])
    }

    func getPreviousMonth() -> NSDate?{
        return NSCalendar.currentCalendar().dateByAddingUnit(.Month, value: -1, toDate: self, options: [])
    }
}

No just get date from currentDate.

currentDate = currentDate.getNextMonth()
currentDate = currentDate.getPreviousMonth()