user3766930 user3766930 - 7 days ago 6
Swift Question

How to pass data using NotificationCentre in swift 3.0 and NSNotificationCenter in swift 2.0?

I'm implementing

socket.io
in my swift ios app.

Currently on several panels I'm listening to the server and wait for incoming messages. I'm doing so by calling the
getChatMessage
function in each panel:

func getChatMessage(){
SocketIOManager.sharedInstance.getChatMessage { (messageInfo) -> Void in
dispatch_async(dispatch_get_main_queue(), { () -> Void in
//do sth depending on which panel user is
})
}
}


However I noticed it's a wrong approach and I need to change it - now I want to start listening for incoming messages only once and when any message comes - pass this message to any panel that listens to it.

So I want to pass the incoming message through the NSNotificationCenter. So far I was able to pass the information that something happened, but not pass the data itself. I was doing that by:

NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().addObserver(self, selector: #selector(ViewController.showSpinningWheel(_:)), name: showSpinner, object: nil)


then I had a function called:

func showSpinningWheel(notification: NSNotification) {
}


and any time I wanted to call it I was doing:

NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().postNotificationName(hideSpinner, object: self)


So how can I pass the object
messageInfo
and include it in the function that gets called?

Answer

Swift 2.0

Pass info using userInfo which is a optional Dictionary of type [NSObject : AnyObject]?

  let imageDataDict:[String: UIImage] = ["image": image]

  // Post a notification
  NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().postNotificationName(notificationName, object: nil, userInfo: imageDataDict)

 // Register to receive notification in your class
 NSNotificationCenter.defaultCenter().addObserver(self, selector: #selector(self.showSpinningWheel(_:)), name: notificationName, object: nil)

 // handle notification
 func showSpinningWheel(notification: NSNotification) {
  if let image = notification.userInfo?["image"] as? UIImage {
  // do something with your image   
  }
 }

Swift 3.0 version

The userInfo now takes [AnyHashable:Any]? as an argument, which we provide as a dictionary literal in Swift

  let imageDataDict:[String: UIImage] = ["image": image]

  // post a notification
  NotificationCenter.default.post(name: NSNotification.Name(rawValue: "notificationName"), object: nil, userInfo: imageDataDict) 
  // `default` is now a property, not a method call

 // Register to receive notification in your class
 NotificationCenter.default.addObserver(self, selector: #selector(self.showSpinningWheel(_:)), name: NSNotification.Name(rawValue: "notificationName"), object: nil)

 // handle notification
 func showSpinningWheel(_ notification: NSNotification) {

  if let image = notification.userInfo?["image"] as? UIImage {
  // do something with your image   
  }
 }

NOTE: Notification “names” are no longer strings, but are of type Notification.Name, hence why we are using NSNotification.Name(rawValue:"notificationName") and we can extend Notification.Name with our own custom notifications.

extension Notification.Name {
static let myNotification = Notification.Name("myNotification")
}

// and post notification like this
NotificationCenter.default.post(name: .myNotification, object: nil)
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