madlep madlep - 4 months ago 11
Git Question

How do I copy a version of a single file from one git branch to another?

I've got two branches that are fully merged together.

However, after the merge is done, I realise that one file has been messed up by the merge (someone else did an auto-format, gah), and it would just be easier to change to the new version in the other branch, and then re-insert my one line change after bringing it over into my branch.

So what's the easiest way in git to do this?

Answer

Run this from the branch where you want the file to end up:

git checkout otherbranch myfile.txt

General formulas:

git checkout <commit_hash> <relative_path_to_file_or_dir>
git checkout <remote_name>/<branch_name> <file_or_dir>

Some notes (from comments):

  • Using the commit hash you can pull files from any commit
  • This works for files and directories
  • overwrites the file myfile.txt and mydir
  • Wildcards don't work
  • but relative paths do

an alternative:

git show commit_id:path/to/file > path/to/file