Can SQL injection be performed through an input like checkbox in old Mysql API and how?
Maybe it's a stupid question, but I have no idea if it's possible or not.
100% yes. It all comes down to your server side implementation. When you're sending the data to the server you should be performing input validation. In the case of a checkbox, it's a boolean. You should only be accepting values such as
checked etc. If data being sent to the server has a value that doesn't correspond to an expected value it should be tossed away, or even better the IP that sent it should be logged as this is most likely an attempt to hack your server.
With tools like fiddler, CURL or your browser (and your browser's devconsole) you could easily pass in any value to the field that represents that checkbox, thus, input validation is key on the server side.