Masoud Abasian Masoud Abasian - 5 months ago 5
Python Question

How to define two-dimensional array in python

I want to define a two-dimensional array without an initialized length like this :

Matrix = [][]

but it does not work.

I tried this, but it is wrong, too:

>>> Matrix = [5][5]
Traceback ...

IndexError: list index out of range

What is my mistake?


You're technically trying to index an uninitialized array. You have to first initialize the outer list with lists before adding items; Python calls this "list comprehension".

# Creates a list containing 5 lists, each of 8 items, all set to 0
w, h = 8, 5. 
Matrix = [[0 for x in range(w)] for y in range(h)] 

You can now add items to the list:

Matrix[0][0] = 1
Matrix[6][0] = 3 # error! range... 
Matrix[0][6] = 3 # valid

print Matrix[0][0] # prints 1
x, y = 0, 6 
print Matrix[x][y] # prints 3; be careful with indexing! 

Although you can name them as you wish, I look at it this way to avoid some confusion that could arise with the indexing, if you use "x" for both the inner and outer lists, and want a non-square Matrix.