Umut Esen - 3 years ago 374
R Question

# RStudio Shiny Error - number of items to replace is not a multiple of replacement length

I am fairly new to R and currently working on a Shiny web app using RStuido to recognise handwritten digits.

The data I am using is from a Kaggle competition:
Digit-Recogniser

I have the following function to render average representations of digits

`````` # Produce a plot containing the average representations of digits

output\$digitAvgRep <- renderImage({

## For visualising traing data
dataFrame<-as.matrix(data())

##Color ramp def.
colors<-c('white','red')
cus_col<-colorRampPalette(colors=colors)

## Plot the average image of each digit
par(mfrow=c(4,3),pty='s',mar=c(1,1,1,1),xaxt='n',yaxt='n')
all_img<-array(dim=c(10,28*28))
for(di in 0:9)
{
print(di)
all_img[di+1,]<-apply(dataFrame[dataFrame[,1]==di,-1],2,sum)
all_img[di+1,]<-all_img[di+1,]/max(all_img[di+1,])*255

z<-array(all_img[di+1,],dim=c(28,28))
z<-z[,28:1] ##right side up1
image(1:28,1:28,z,main=di,col=cus_col(256))
}
})
``````

and I pass the above variable to ui.R using:

``````# User renderUI to dynamically create objects in the ui.R
output\$tb <- renderUI({
if(is.null(data()))
else
tabsetPanel(
tabPanel("RawData", tableOutput("table")),
tabPanel("Summary", tableOutput("sum")),
tabPanel("Digit Distribution",plotOutput("digitDist")),
tabPanel("Average Digit Representation", imageOutput("digitAvgRep")))
})
``````

I get the following output when I run the app:

``````[1] 0
Error in all_img[di + 1, ] <- apply(dataFrame[dataFrame[, 1] == di, -1],  :
number of items to replace is not a multiple of replacement length
``````

Anyone know how to solve this?

Thanks

As the error suggest, you are trying to insert a new vector of length that is shorter than the column that you are placed and the number of items is not a multiple of replacement length

using the following as an example :

``````## create a matrix that is 6 rows and 2 columns
mat <- matrix(1:12, 6,2)

## try to replace first column with a vector of length 3
## works fine because 6 is a multiple of 3

mat[,1] <- 1:3

## try to replace first column with a vector of length 5
## Fails because 6 is not a multiple of 5, try the same exception.

mat[,1] <- 1:5

##   number of items to replace is not a multiple of replacement length
``````

Hence, you may want to reconsider your apply statement. I will consider creating list to store the results instead of trying to store it in a matrix.

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