Pavan Bilagi Pavan Bilagi - 24 days ago 8
Android Question

Caused by java.lang.NullPointerException: Attempt to invoke virtual method 'int android.graphics.Bitmap.getWidth()' on a null object reference

I have BitmapScalingHelper.java:

public class BitmapScalingHelper
{
public static Bitmap decodeResource(Resources res, int resId, int dstWidth, int dstHeight)
{
Options options = new Options();
options.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
BitmapFactory.decodeResource(res, resId, options);
options.inJustDecodeBounds = false;

options.inSampleSize = calculateSampleSize(options.outWidth, options.outHeight, dstWidth,
dstHeight);

Bitmap unscaledBitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(res, resId, options);

return unscaledBitmap;
}

public static Bitmap decodeFile(String filePath, int dstWidth, int dstHeight)
{
Options options = new Options();
options.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
BitmapFactory.decodeFile(filePath, options);

options.inJustDecodeBounds = false;
options.inSampleSize = calculateSampleSize(options.outWidth, options.outHeight, dstWidth,
dstHeight);

Bitmap unscaledBitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeFile(filePath, options);

return unscaledBitmap;
}


public static int calculateSampleSize(int srcWidth, int srcHeight, int dstWidth, int dstHeight)
{
final float srcAspect = (float)srcWidth / (float)srcHeight;
final float dstAspect = (float)dstWidth / (float)dstHeight;

if (srcAspect > dstAspect)
{
return srcWidth / dstWidth;
}
else
{
return srcHeight / dstHeight;
}
}

public static Bitmap createScaledBitmap(Bitmap unscaledBitmap, int dstWidth, int dstHeight)
{
Rect srcRect = calculateSrcRect(unscaledBitmap.getWidth(), unscaledBitmap.getHeight());

Rect dstRect = calculateDstRect(unscaledBitmap.getWidth(), unscaledBitmap.getHeight(),
dstWidth, dstHeight);

Bitmap scaledBitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(dstRect.width(), dstRect.height(),
Config.ARGB_8888);

Canvas canvas = new Canvas(scaledBitmap);
canvas.drawBitmap(unscaledBitmap, srcRect, dstRect, new Paint(Paint.FILTER_BITMAP_FLAG));

return scaledBitmap;
}

public static Rect calculateSrcRect(int srcWidth, int srcHeight)
{
System.out.print("Scr" + srcWidth + " " + srcHeight);
return new Rect(0, 0, srcWidth, srcHeight);
}

public static Rect calculateDstRect(int srcWidth, int srcHeight, int dstWidth, int dstHeight)
{
final float srcAspect = (float)srcWidth / (float)srcHeight;
final float dstAspect = (float)dstWidth / (float)dstHeight;

if (srcAspect > dstAspect)
{
return new Rect(0, 0, dstWidth, (int)(dstWidth / srcAspect));
}
else
{
return new Rect(0, 0, (int)(dstHeight * srcAspect), dstHeight);
}
}
}


In this class there is:

createScaledBitmap()


...which returns a scaled bitmap image.

In another class, I have this method:

public Bitmap readSelectedBitmapFromFile(Context context, String fileName)
{
DisplayMetrics metrics = new DisplayMetrics();
WindowManager windowManager = (WindowManager) context.getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
windowManager.getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(metrics);

Bitmap scaledBitmap = getDefaultBitmap(context);

try {
File themeParentDir = context.getDir(THEME_DIRECTORY_NAME, Context.MODE_PRIVATE); //Creating an internal dir;
File themeSubDir = new File(themeParentDir, THEME_SUB_DIRECTORY_NAME + getThemeBasedDirectoryNumber(m_SelectedTheme));
themeSubDir.mkdir();

File themeFileWithinDir = new File(themeSubDir, fileName); //Getting a file within the dir.

if(themeFileWithinDir.exists())
{
// Part 1: Decode image
Bitmap unscaledBitmap = BitmapScalingHelper.decodeFile(themeFileWithinDir.getPath(), metrics.widthPixels, metrics.heightPixels);

// Part 2: Scale image
scaledBitmap = BitmapScalingHelper.createScaledBitmap(unscaledBitmap, metrics.widthPixels, metrics.heightPixels);
unscaledBitmap.recycle();
}

m_SelectedBitmap = scaledBitmap;

}
catch (Error e) {
e.printStackTrace();
}

return scaledBitmap;
}


This code was working fine in many devices. But it was crashing in some devices. Can any one please help me out ?

I am getting a log like this:

Fatal Exception: java.lang.RuntimeException: Unable to start activity ComponentInfo: java.lang.NullPointerException: Attempt to invoke virtual method 'int android.graphics.Bitmap.getWidth()' on a null object reference
at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3254)
at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3350)
at android.app.ActivityThread.access$1100(ActivityThread.java:222)
at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1795)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:158)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:7229)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:1230)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:1120)
Caused by java.lang.NullPointerException: Attempt to invoke virtual method 'int android.graphics.Bitmap.getWidth()' on a null object reference
at in.plackal.lovecyclesfree.util.BitmapScalingHelper.createScaledBitmap(SourceFile:62)
at in.plackal.lovecyclesfree.general.ThemeManager.readSelectedBitmapFromFile(SourceFile:202)
at in.plackal.lovecyclesfree.activity.SplashActivity.onCreate(SourceFile:70)
at android.app.Activity.performCreate(Activity.java:6876)
at android.app.Instrumentation.callActivityOnCreate(Instrumentation.java:1135)
at android.app.ActivityThread.performLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3207)
at android.app.ActivityThread.handleLaunchActivity(ActivityThread.java:3350)
at android.app.ActivityThread.access$1100(ActivityThread.java:222)
at android.app.ActivityThread$H.handleMessage(ActivityThread.java:1795)
at android.os.Handler.dispatchMessage(Handler.java:102)
at android.os.Looper.loop(Looper.java:158)
at android.app.ActivityThread.main(ActivityThread.java:7229)
at java.lang.reflect.Method.invoke(Method.java)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit$MethodAndArgsCaller.run(ZygoteInit.java:1230)
at com.android.internal.os.ZygoteInit.main(ZygoteInit.java:1120)


If it's a permissions issue, it should not crash below the Android-M version, but it is crashing in some pre-Android-M devices also.

Answer

The problem you are facing is that you are trying to getWidth() on your unscaledBitmap in the createScaledBitmap function. Clearly, your unscaledBitmap is null sometimes; and calling getWidth() is causing the Null Pointer exception.

The root cause is that decodeResource is returning you a null for whatever reason.

The reasons can include -

  1. No read permission
  2. The image file is corrupt
  3. There is not enough memory to decode the file
  4. The resource does not exist
  5. Invalid options specified in the options variable.

I'd suggest that you modify your code to include a null-check on the decoded bitmap, log it and debug from there on the specific devices that you see the error occurring.

It may also be that your options variable that you are re-using is being interpreted differently in the second call to decodeResource. You might try passing a null there.

The modified code should be as follows -

public class BitmapScalingHelper
{
    public static Bitmap decodeResource(Resources res, int resId, int dstWidth, int dstHeight)
    {
        Options options = new Options();
        options.inJustDecodeBounds = true;
        BitmapFactory.decodeResource(res, resId, options);
        options.inJustDecodeBounds = false;

        options.inSampleSize = calculateSampleSize(options.outWidth, options.outHeight, dstWidth,
                dstHeight);

        options = new Options(); 
        //May use null here as well. The funciton may interpret the pre-used options variable in ways hard to tell.
        Bitmap unscaledBitmap = BitmapFactory.decodeResource(res, resId, options);

        if(unscaledBitmap == null)
        {
            Log.e("ERR","Failed to decode resource - " + resId + " " + res.toString());
            return null;
        }

        return unscaledBitmap;
    }
}