I want to store configuration for a web project outside of the web project (ear/war file).
The application shouldn't know in which container it's running (WebSphere/JBoss etc.).
What is the best way to handle this?
Is JNDI a clean way? If JNDI can solve my problems, how should I configure it? (Custom Objects?)
In my case are there only simple Key=>Value pairs (String,String) for SOAP/WS endpoints.
See this question for reading properties file outside of the WAR file.
See this question for reading variable values from JNDI. I believe that this is the best solution. You can read a String variable with this code:
Context initialContext = new InitialContext(); String myvar = (String) initialContext.lookup("java:comp/env/myvar");
The above code will work on all containers. In Tomcat you declare the following in conf/server.xml:
<GlobalNamingResources ...> <Environment name="myvar" value="..." type="java.lang.String" override="false"/> </GlobalNamingResources>
The above will create a global resource. It is also possible to define a resource in the context of application. In most containers the JNDI resources are available through a MBeans Management Console. Some of them offer a graphical interface to edit them. At most an application restart is needed, when a change is made.
How JNDI resources are defined and edited is container specific. It is the job of the configurator/administrator to apply the appropriate settings.
These are the benefits offered by JNDI: