Rover Rover - 1 year ago 115
C# Question

How to print .rtf file?

How to print .rtf file using C#? (WinForms/WPF application)

Answer Source


In Visual C# .NET or Visual C# 2005, create a new Class Library project that is named RichTextBoxPrintCtrl. By default, Class1.cs is created. Change the name of Class1.cs to RichTextBoxPrintCtrl.cs. In Solution Explorer, right-click References, and then click Add Reference. In the Add Reference dialog box, double-click System.Drawing.dll and System.Windows.Forms.dll, and then click OK.

Replace the existing code in RichTextBoxPrintCtrl.cs with the following code:

using System;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Runtime.InteropServices;
using System.Drawing.Printing;

namespace RichTextBoxPrintCtrl
    public class RichTextBoxPrintCtrl:RichTextBox
        //Convert the unit used by the .NET framework (1/100 inch) 
        //and the unit used by Win32 API calls (twips 1/1440 inch)
        private const double anInch = 14.4;

            private struct RECT
            public int Left;
            public int Top;
            public int Right;
            public int Bottom;

            private struct CHARRANGE
            public int cpMin;         //First character of range (0 for start of doc)
            public int cpMax;           //Last character of range (-1 for end of doc)

            private struct FORMATRANGE
            public IntPtr hdc;             //Actual DC to draw on
            public IntPtr hdcTarget;       //Target DC for determining text formatting
            public RECT rc;                //Region of the DC to draw to (in twips)
            public RECT rcPage;            //Region of the whole DC (page size) (in twips)
            public CHARRANGE chrg;         //Range of text to draw (see earlier declaration)

        private const int WM_USER  = 0x0400;
        private const int EM_FORMATRANGE  = WM_USER + 57;

        private static extern IntPtr SendMessage (IntPtr hWnd , int msg , IntPtr wp, IntPtr lp); 

        // Render the contents of the RichTextBox for printing
        //  Return the last character printed + 1 (printing start from this point for next page)
        public int Print( int charFrom, int charTo,PrintPageEventArgs e)
            //Calculate the area to render and print
            RECT rectToPrint; 
            rectToPrint.Top = (int)(e.MarginBounds.Top * anInch);
            rectToPrint.Bottom = (int)(e.MarginBounds.Bottom * anInch);
            rectToPrint.Left = (int)(e.MarginBounds.Left * anInch);
            rectToPrint.Right = (int)(e.MarginBounds.Right * anInch);

            //Calculate the size of the page
            RECT rectPage; 
            rectPage.Top = (int)(e.PageBounds.Top * anInch);
            rectPage.Bottom = (int)(e.PageBounds.Bottom * anInch);
            rectPage.Left = (int)(e.PageBounds.Left * anInch);
            rectPage.Right = (int)(e.PageBounds.Right * anInch);

            IntPtr hdc = e.Graphics.GetHdc();

            FORMATRANGE fmtRange;
            fmtRange.chrg.cpMax = charTo;               //Indicate character from to character to 
            fmtRange.chrg.cpMin = charFrom;
            fmtRange.hdc = hdc;                    //Use the same DC for measuring and rendering
            fmtRange.hdcTarget = hdc;              //Point at printer hDC
            fmtRange.rc = rectToPrint;             //Indicate the area on page to print
            fmtRange.rcPage = rectPage;            //Indicate size of page

            IntPtr res = IntPtr.Zero;

            IntPtr wparam = IntPtr.Zero;
            wparam = new IntPtr(1);

            //Get the pointer to the FORMATRANGE structure in memory
            IntPtr lparam= IntPtr.Zero;
            lparam = Marshal.AllocCoTaskMem(Marshal.SizeOf(fmtRange));
            Marshal.StructureToPtr(fmtRange, lparam, false);

            //Send the rendered data for printing 
            res = SendMessage(Handle, EM_FORMATRANGE, wparam, lparam);

            //Free the block of memory allocated

            //Release the device context handle obtained by a previous call

            //Return last + 1 character printer
            return res.ToInt32();


On the Debug menu, click Start to run the application. Form1 is displayed. Type some text in RichTextBoxPrintCtrl. Click Page Setup to set the page settings. Click Print Preview to view the print preview of the page. Click Print to print the content of RichTextBoxPrintCtrl.

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