leora leora - 1 year ago 72
SQL Question

how to kill mySQL connections

i am building a website with mySQL. i am using TOAD for MySQL and suddenly i can't connect to the database as i am getting a:

"Too many connections"

error. Is there any way in Toad for MySQL to view existing connections to be able to kill them or simple close all connections all together?


No, there is no built-in MySQL command for that. There are various tools and scripts that support it, you can kill some connections manually or restart the server (but that will be slower).

Use SHOW PROCESSLIST to view all connections, and KILL the process ID's you want to kill.

You could edit the timeout setting to have the MySQL daemon kill the inactive processes itself, or raise the connection count. You can even limit the amount of connections per username, so that if the process keeps misbehaving, the only affected process is the process itself and no other clients on your database get locked out.

If you can't connect yourself anymore to the server, you should know that MySQL always reserves 1 extra connection for a user with the SUPER privilege. Unless your offending process is for some reason using a username with that privilege...

Then after you can access your database again, you should fix the process (website) that's spawning that many connections.