Ankit Sahrawat Ankit Sahrawat - 7 months ago 81
Javascript Question

How to call an event when browser back button is clicked

How to call a jquery event when browser back button is clicked. I am using a single page application in asp.net mvc and i want to show a confirm box to leave the screen when user press the back button of the browser. How can i call a jquery function on browser back button. Please help. I have searched and found push state event but i did not get how to use it in my case described above.

Answer
window.userInteractionTimeout = null;
window.userInteractionInHTMLArea = false;
window.onBrowserHistoryButtonClicked = null; // This will be your event handler for browser navigation buttons clicked

$(document).ready(function () {
    $(document).mousedown(function () {
        clearTimeout(window.userInteractionTimeout);
        window.userInteractionInHTMLArea = true;
        window.userInteractionTimeout = setTimeout(function () {
            window.userInteractionInHTMLArea = false;
        }, 500);
    });

$(document).keydown(function () {
        clearTimeout(window.userInteractionTimeout);
        window.userInteractionInHTMLArea = true;
        window.userInteractionTimeout = setTimeout(function () {
            window.userInteractionInHTMLArea = false;
        }, 500);
    });

    if (window.history && window.history.pushState) {
        $(window).on('popstate', function () {
            if (!window.userInteractionInHTMLArea) {
                // alert('Browser Back or Forward button was pressed.');
                 }
    if(window.onBrowserHistoryButtonClicked ){
    window.onBrowserHistoryButtonClicked ();
            }
        });
    }
});