jalanga jalanga - 2 years ago 89
SQL Question

Django query in One to Many relationship

I have 2 tables, Order and OrderDetails, on OrderDetails I have a field 'product_type'.

From the table Order I want to get all the product_type fields in a list.


I want the
value to return a list of all product types, not just the first result like 'chair'.

type = ['chair', 'pencil']


class Order(models.Model):
user = models.ForeignKey(User, related_name="orders")

class OrderDetails(models.Model):
order = models.ForeignKey(Order, related_name="details")
quantity = models.SmallIntegerField(null=False, blank=False)
product_type = models.CharField(null=False, blank=False)

Answer Source

This is not something you can or should try to achieve with a queryset annotation. This is because annotations are only usable for aggregation functions like Count, Sum etc.

If I understood your question correctly, you can get this info when iterating over the queryset:

for order in Order.objects.all():
    types = order.details.values_list('product_type', flat=True)

You can make this more efficient by prefetching the related OrderDetail rows for each order:

for order in Order.objects.prefetch_related('details'):
    types = order.details.values_list('product_type', flat=True)

Alternatively, you can retrieve some values from each order using this method:

queryset = Order.objects.values('id', 'user_id', 'details__product_type')

It should do a single db query. However, see the notes here about how this works: https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.9/ref/models/querysets/#values

Your queryset will output dicts instead of model instances. And you will not get a nice list of product_types... instead you will get repeated rows like:

    {'id': 1, 'user_id': 1, 'product_type': 'chair'},
    {'id': 1, 'user_id': 1, 'product_type': 'table'},
    {'id': 2, 'user_id': 3, 'product_type': 'chair'},

...so you'll then have to group these rows in python into the data structure you want:

for collections import OrderedDict

grouped = OrderedDict()
for order in Order.objects.values('id', 'user_id', 'details__product_type'):
    if order['id'] not in grouped:
        grouped[order['id']] = {
            'id': order['id'],
            'user_id': order['user_id'],
            'types': set(),
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