user263245 user263245 - 3 months ago 5x
Java Question

How are Iterators implemented in Java?

Does an instance of an Iterator opened on a collection keep the whole collection in memory and access a position that increments every time next() is called? Or am I missing something?


The implementation of Iterator depends on the particular Collection it is iterating. If you look at the JDK source code, ArrayList and LinkedList for example use different iterators.

Remember Iterator is an interface not a concrete class so it simply specifies a contract not an implementation.

Generally speaking iterators will (depending on the implementation) store a reference to the collection and some kind of index to mark where they're up to.